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Low Maintenance Perennials

Well-documented research shows that green space has many positive effects on the health and well-being of people. However, according to the Dutch Ministry of Land Use, in densely populated cities in The Netherlands the amount of urban amenity plantings are well below the recommended level of 800 sq.ft. (74 sq. m) per home. If increasing the quantity of plantings is impossible, effectiveness and quality can be increased by creating more biodiversity in green areas.

Herbaceous perennials are an excellent group of plants with which to achieve more variety and color on small sites. They are eminently suitable for use as ground covers, in flower beds, under trees, along roads and waterways and as edging around shrubs. Using perennials is also an effective way to add color and interest to existing urban/public plantings.

Low maintenance perennials are affordable - While it is true that, comparatively, herbaceous perennials can be quite expensive to buy and that preparation of planting sites takes time and money, by using low maintenance species, the reduced maintenance costs compensate for the initial expenditures. Over a 10-year period, a perennial bed does not have to cost any more to maintain than a shrub border or lawn. To achieve this, the right plants have to be chosen; they should be healthy, sturdy and suppress weeds with their excellent ground covering abilities.

Essential conditions for low maintenance perennial plantings
• Improve the soil on the site and thoroughly remove all weeds before planting.
• Choose plants with requirements that match the site conditions, especially for light and moisture.
• Choose the right plants for the desired use (good ground covers for weed suppression, salt tolerant plants for roadsides, etc.)
• No one plant will be suitable for planting in every situation.
• Consider the plant knowledge level of the maintenance crews and be prepared to provide concise maintenance instructions.
• Plant the right number of plants per sq. ft./m for fast coverage.
• Weed and water when necessary and replace dead plants until the ground is covered (usually at the end of the first summer after planting).

Some suitable species for urban plantings:
Alchemilla, Aster, Echinacea, Geranium, Hemerocallis, Liriope, Nepeta, ornamental grasses, Pachysandra, Rudbeckia and Sedum.

  • Carex FEATHER FALLS
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Carex FEATHER FALLS ('ET CRX01' PP26,199)(30)ct Flat

    Carex FEATHER FALLS™ ('ET CRX01' PP26,199)(30)ct Flat Common Name: Variegated SedgeA relatively new plant to North America, this sedge has been taking the market by storm with its popularity. Its claim to fame is its hybrid vigor that stays attractive...

    $227.80
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  • Sedum 'Coraljade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Sedum 'Coraljade' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Coraljade' PPAF (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® ROCK 'N GROW® Collection Common Name: StonecropThis new member of the ROCK 'N GROW® collection is a perfect counterpart to 'Lemonjade'. It has the same rich green foliage as the former,...

    $190.60
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  • Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Daylily (Jablonski, 1975)  Single Fan bare root plant The world's most popular daylily! 2.75", bright gold complete self with mild pie crust edging and a subtle fragrance Begins blooming in early summer...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily PURPLE de ORO

    Hemerocallis 'Purple de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Purple de Oro' (DeGroot, 2000) Single Fan bare root plant a/k/a RAZZMATAZZ Medium dark purple with lighter midrib and edge above gold throat. Height is 20 inches with 3 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Dipliod. Petals have...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily  HYPERION

    Hemerocallis 'Hyperion' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Hyperion' Daylily Single Fan bare root plant A nostalgic daylily that has been in cultivation for nearly 90 years 5", canary yellow self with a tiny, green throat Trumpet flower form; when viewed from the side it has the shape of a...

    $3.86
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  • Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue'

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue'Ingwersen Lily TurfLiriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (a.k.a.'Ingwersen') has ½" wide, green leaf blades. Blooms profusely with long, full, lavender flower spikes mid-Summer. Classic Blue Liriope stays in clump form. It...

    $2.37
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  • Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue'

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue'Ingwersen Lily TurfLiriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (a.k.a.'Ingwersen') has ½" wide, green leaf blades. Blooms profusely with long, full, lavender flower spikes mid-Summer. Classic Blue Liriope stays in clump form. It...

    $3.58
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  • Carex appalachica

    Carex appalachica (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex appalachica Sedge - Appalachica SedgeVery fine, dark green, weeping blades, 12" long. Evergreen in warmer climates. Appalachian Sedge is a native to the Eastern U.S. Clumping nature-spreading slowly- makes it suitable for borders. A good ground...

    $5.74
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  • Sedum 'Spellbound'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Sedum 'Spellbound' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Spellbound' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Soft pink buds open to cream flowers, which bubble over a domed habit of gray-green leaves. A great choice for late summer/early fall interest. Tall, upright sedums form substantial clumps of foliage which...

    $173.40
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  • Aster 'Grape Crush'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Aster 'Grape Crush' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Aster 'Grape Crush' PPAF (25) Bare Root Plants Common Name: New England AsterBringing refinement to fall blooming Asters, 'Grape Crush' produces a large, very round mound with densely packed flowers. We have observed no lodging in our trials, a...

    $173.00
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  • Nepeta 'Cat's Pajamas'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Nepeta 'Cat's Pajamas' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Nepeta 'Cat's Pajamas' PPAF (30)ct Flat Common Name: CatmintA purr-fect Catmint for fans of 'Cat's Meow' who love the look but want a smaller scale version. In addition to being a little over half the height, 'Cats Pajamas' also blooms about 2-3...

    $146.55
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  • Sedum 'Yellow Brick Road' 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Sedum 'Yellow Brick Road' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Yellow Brick Road' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: StonecropLooking for a beautiful groundcover? 'Yellow Brick Road' is your answer! This perennial will cover its dark green leaves and red stems with fine-textured yellow flowers mid to...

    $182.60
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  • Sedum 'Pride and Joy'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Sedum 'Pride and Joy' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Pride and Joy' PPAF ROCK 'N GROW® Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Stonecrop'Pure Joy' has become a garden staple for the late summer/early fall garden. Now joining the light pink 'Pure Joy' and the white-flowering sport 'Bundle...

    $182.60
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  • Sedum 'Boogie Woogie'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Sedum 'Boogie Woogie' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Boogie Woogie' PPAF ROCK 'N GROW® Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: StonecropPeople love variegation in perennials, and this is an exciting new option! Enter 'Boogie Woogie', a fantastic summer-flowering groundcover type that will...

    $182.60
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  • Hemerocallis 'Inkheart'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Inkheart' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Inkheart' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: DaylilyOne look at this beautiful daylily and you'll see why it got its name. Each creamy yellow flowers has a crisp, dark purple eye (or 'heart') with a matching picotee edge. As an added...

    $226.60
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  • Echinacea 'Yellow My Darling'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Echinacea 'Yellow My Darling' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Echinacea 'Yellow My Darling' PPAF COLOR CODED?? Collection Common Name: ConeflowerRich yellow flowers contrast beautifully with its dark green leaves. Flowers age to an attractive creamy yellow. A large volume of petals to make the flowers last for a...

    $223.00
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  • Echinacea SOMBRERO?? Granada Gold ('Balsomold')
Photos courtesy of Ball Horticultural Company

    Echinacea 'Balsomold' PP30115 (30)ct Flat

    Echinacea SOMBRERO® GRANADA GOLD ('Balsomold' PP30115 US7,982,110) Common Name: ConeflowerGolden yellow, overlapping flowers contrast with very dark green leaves. More gold than the bright yellow color of Lemon Yellow Improved. Height: 18.0-22.0...

    $227.80
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  • Sedum 'Bundle of Joy'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Sedum 'Bundle of Joy' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Bundle of Joy' PPAF (25) Bare Root Plants Common Name: StonecropIf you love 'Pure Joy' for its fantastic can't-be-beat habit and short stature, you'll love 'Bundle of Joy'. This is a white flowering sport of 'Pure Joy', the same exemplary...

    $182.60
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  • Echinacea LAKOTA Fire
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Echinacea LAKOTA Fire (30)ct Flat

    Echinacea LAKOTA Fire (30)ct Flat LAKOTA™ Series Common Name: ConeflowerThis new seed strain shows a variety of beautiful shades of red, varying from reddish-orange to pinkish red. Each 3½ in flower has horizontal petals. With a shorter...

    $187.96
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  • Echinacea 'Delicious Candy'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Echinacea 'Delicious Candy' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Echinacea 'Delicious Candy' PPAF (30)ct Flat Common Name: ConeflowerAccording to the Dutch hybridizer Marco van Noort, ‘Delicious Candy’ is his best Echinacea in 5 years! The color on this double coneflower is practically fluorescent, with...

    $226.84
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  • Sedum 'Popstar'

    Sedum 'Popstar' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Sedum 'Popstar' PPAF - Proven Winners ROCK 'N GROW Collection Common name: Stonecrop This low maintenance perennial will be the star of your late summer garden.  In the summer, blue-green foliage appears on grey-purple stems with a dense, full...

    $182.60
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  • Carex oshimensis 'Everillo' PP21002 EVERCOLOR Series
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Carex o. EVERCOLOR 'Everillo' PP21002 (30)ct Flat

    Carex o. EVERCOLOR 'Everillo' a/k/a Evergold Sedge, Sedge Grass, Variegated Japanese Sedge. Zone 5 to 10, Sun to part shade.Mature foliage height 8 to 12 inches, clump forming. Evergreen leaves with creamy yellow variegated center strip with deep...

    $200.44
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  • Carex morrowii 'Ice Dances'

    Carex morrowii 'Ice Dances' (30)ct Flat

    Carex morrowii 'Ice Dances' Common Names: Ice Dance Sedge, Sedge Grass, Japanese Sedge, Evergold Carex. Zone: 5 to 9, evergreen in the southern zones. Full sun in northern zones, but prefers partial to full shade. Mature size: 6 to 12 inches mounding...

    $199.00
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  • Nepeta faassenii 'Blue Wonder' (3.5 inch pot)

    Nepeta faassenii 'Blue Wonder' (3.5 inch pot)

    Nepeta faassenii 'Blue Wonder' Common Name: Catmint and CatnipZones 3 to 8.Full sun. Plants reach 12 to 15 inches tall and 12 inches wide. Growth rate: Moderate, erect herbaceous clump-forming perennial. Gray-green, aromatic foliage gives way to a...

    $4.06
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  • Carex flacca

    Carex laxiculmis 'Hobb' (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex laxiculmis 'Hobb' Common Name: Bunny Blue® Sedge, RushFamily: Cyperaceae Zone: 5 to 9 Height: 12 inches Spread: 12 inches Bloom Time: Insignificant yellowish flowers late spring. Part shade to full shade Water: Dry to medium Maintenance: Low...

    $6.10
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  • Carex flacca

    Carex flacca [a.k.a. glauca] (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex flacca [a.k.a. glauca] Common Name: Pennsylvania sedge Family: Cyperaceae Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 8 to 10 inches Spread: 6 to 12 inches Insignificant green flowers, late Spring. Part shade to full shade Water: Dry to medium Maintenance: Low Deer...

    $6.10
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  • Hemerocallis 'Stella Supreme'
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Hemerocallis STELLA SUPREME (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Stella Supreme' (25) BR Plants (Berbee) Height: 14 InchesFlower Color: Yellow ShadesHardiness Zone: 3 - 9 This daylily is similar in blooming behavior as the ever-popular ‘Stella de Oro’, but differs in terms of flower color...

    $166.60
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  • Liriope muscari 'John Burch'

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' Thin border of creamy yellow edging each leaf blade. The flowers are lavender and it gets about 12 inches tall. Seeds mature into black berries and remain throughout the winter. Mature field grown plant shipped bare root...

    $1.82
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  • Liriope muscari 'John Burch'

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' Click here for more ordering and shipping information. Thin border of creamy yellow edging each leaf blade. The flowers are lavender and it gets about 12 inches tall. Seeds mature into black berries and remain throughout the...

    $4.42
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  • Liriope muscari 'Gold Band'

    Liriope muscari 'Gold Band' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Gold Band' Flower Color -Mauve/LilacBlooming Time -Mid Summer toEarly FallFoliage Color -Deep Green andVariegated YellowUses -Alpine ; Rock,Border,Containers,Deer Resistant,Drought Tolerant,Edging,Rabbit Resistant,Evergreen,Ground...

    $4.42
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  • Liriope muscari 'Densiflora' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'Densiflora' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'Densiflora' Upright, Mature height 18-22" dark green leaf blade 3/8" - 1/2" wide, Lavender flower spike. Dense clumper. Good for borders. Similar to Evergreen Giant. Mature field grown plant shipped bare root. Click here for more...

    $1.82
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  • Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'

    Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm' (3.5 inch pot)

    Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm' Common Name: Black-Eyed Susan, Coneflower. Zones 4 to 10, Sun. Plants reach 24 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide;Growth rate: Moderate, easy to grow. 1999 Perennial Plant Association Plant of the Year.Royal Horticultural...

    $4.24
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  • Liriope spicata

    Liriope spicata (bare root plant)

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $1.46
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  • Liriope spicata

    Liriope spicata (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $3.58
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  • Liriope spicata

    Liriope spicata (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $2.37
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  • Liriope muscari 'Variegata'

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' - Flat Variegated Lilyturf, Border Grass, Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial with...

    $3.93
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  • Liriope muscari 'Variegata'

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' - Flat Variegated Lilyturf, Border Grass, Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial with...

    $2.61
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