Cimicifuga (sim-iss-siff-yew-guh) Bugbane. Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae). A handsome, tall perennial, Cimicifuga is native to moist, shady woodlands. Spires of small flowers, closely set, bloom in summer or autumn. Fine for the back of borders, and for cut flowers. Easily grown in sun or shade in moist ground.
C. Americana (am-eh-rik-kay-nuh) is native to woodlands from New York to Georgia. To 5 feet, with oblong leaves to 3 inches long, flowers in clusters 1 ½ to 2 feet long, blooming in August and September.
C. racemosa (ras-em-moh-suh); Black Snakeroot, Cohosh, Bugbane. A native American species, growing to 8 feet, with graceful, feathery spikes of blooms, 1 to 1 ½ feet long, on tall scapes above large, deeply cut leaves. The flowers are handsome to look at, but have a pungent odor. Blooms July and August.
C. simplex (sim-plex) a striking plant, 3 to 5 feet high, with pretty though rank-smelling spires of white bloom in autumn. Last well as a cut flower.