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Monarda

monarda-grand-marshall.jpgMonarda (mo-nard-ah) Beebalm, Oswego Tea, Bergamot, Horsemint; Lamiaceae Family, Mint.
Aromatic perennials of sturdy habit, growing in strong clumps. The showy, clustered flowers are white, lavender, pink, or red, blooming at the top of the leafy stem. Monarda’s very sweet nectar attracts scores of honeybees, butterflies and hummingbirds to the garden, particularly in mass plantings. They grow so vigorously and spread so rapidly they may need restraining in the garden. Some monarda species are often seen along roadsides. Monarda is useful in the herb garden, for a large border and the wild garden.

An eastern North America native in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and especially along stream banks, monarda is easy to grow and multiplies quickly. A clump-forming member of the mint family, monardas have tubular flowers borne in dense, spherical, mop-heads atop 2 to 4 foot tall stems. Monarda has a long summer bloom season. Removing spent blooms will prolong bloom cycle. The serrated, aromatic 3 to 6 inch long leaves smells like mint when crushed; and are often used to flavor teas and in salads.

monarda-butterfly

Monarda tolerates most soil conditions, but will grow best in organic, medium-to-wet, moisture-retentive soils in full sun to part shade. Soil should not be allowed to dry out, beebalm is not drought tolerant. Beebalm does well in full sun or partial shade. 

monarda.jpg

Plants multiple faster with shade, but will flower more in the sun. Most monardas multiply rapidly either by underground stems or self-sowing. To keep plants healthy and vigorous, they should be divided every three to four years in the spring.


Monarda didyma (did-im-uh), Oswego Tea; is the usual species of commerce and cultivars. Monarda fistulosa (fiss-tew-loh-suh)--Wild Bergamot, to 5 foot tall, rose to purple flowers in late summer, leaves are more hairy and less toothed than didyma, stems grow out of the previous flower head, tolerance to dry conditions and mildew; herbal use in the treatment of headaches and fevers. Most cultivars are crosses between didyma and fistulosa, or among various cultivars. Propagation: Monarda can be started from seeds, but if you want to propagate the cultivars, start new plants by dividing the root clumps in early spring before new growth begins.

Landscape habit, uses: borders, naturalized, bee, butterfly and hummingbird gardens, wild or native plant garden, meadow, herb garden, naturalized planting or along ponds or streams.

  • Monarda Berry Taffy PPAF 20ct Flat Monarda Berry Taffy PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Berry Taffy' PP34715 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Berry Taffy' PP34715 (20)ct FlatSUGAR BUZZ® SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm The members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens, Inc. hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24' tall. All...

    $195.90
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  • Monarda Blue Moon PPAF 20ct Flat Monarda Blue Moon PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Blue Moon' PP29549 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Blue Moon' PP29549 (20)ct FlatSUGAR BUZZ® SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm The members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens, Inc. hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24” tall...

    $195.90
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  • Monarda Bubblegum Blast PPAF 20ct Flat Monarda Bubblegum Blast PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Bubblegum Blast' PP27497 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Bubblegum Blast' PP27497 (20)ct FlatSUGAR BUZZ® SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm The members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24" tall. All...

    $195.90
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  • Monarda 'Cherry Pops' PP27618 (20)ct Flat Monarda Cherry Pops PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Cherry Pops' PP27618 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Cherry Pops' PP27618 (20)ct FlatSUGAR BUZZ® SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm The members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24" tall. All...

    $195.90
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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PP30347 (20)ct Flat Monarda Electric Neon Pink PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PP30347 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PP30347 (20)ct FlatElectric Neon SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm It's electric! That's what you might think when you look at the fabulous color of this new interspecific hybrid of Bee Balm. Intense, dark neon pink flowers are...

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  • Monarda 'Grape Gumball' PP27498 (20)ct Flat Monarda Grape Gumball PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Grape Gumball' PP27498 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Grape Gumball' PP27498 (20)ct FlatSUGAR BUZZ® SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm The members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24" tall. All...

    $195.90
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  • Monarda Lavender Taffeta PPAF 20ct Flat Monarda Lavender Taffeta PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Lavender Taffeta' PP35192 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Lavender Taffeta' PP35192 CPBRAF (20)ct FlatUPSCALE™ SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm Prepare for UPSCALE™ Bee Balm to raise your expectations with a robust, substantial landscape presence. Taller than most other new introductions on the...

    $209.76
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  • Monarda Leading Lady Orchid PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PP34371 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PP34371 CPBRAF (20)ct FlatLeading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm A Monarda bradburiana hybrid, she leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite clump than common M. didyma cultivars. She...

    $209.76
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  • Monarda Leading Lady Plum PPAF 20ct Flat Monarda Leading Lady Plum PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PP26447 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PP26447 CPBR5566 (20)ct FlatLeading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee Balm Bee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Plum' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact clump than other...

    $209.76
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