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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Heuchera 'Berry Timeless' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Heuchera 'Berry Timeless' PP26357 (20)ct Flat

    Heuchera 'Berry Timeless' PP26357 (20)ct Flat Coral Bells Height: 8-10 Inches, Spread: 20 Inches, Scape Height: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: Pink shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun - Full shade Blooms Early summer -...

    $174.84
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  • Hibiscus 'Spinderella'
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    Hibiscus 'Spinderella' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Hibiscus 'Spinderella' PPAF (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® SUMMERIFIC® Collection Common Name: Rose MallowShow this off in your late summer landscape with the wild new pinwheel pattern of 'Spinderella'. Large, 8" white flowers have medium pink...

    $225.00
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  • Hibiscus 'Inner Glow'
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    Hibiscus 'Inner Glow' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Hibiscus 'Inner Glow' PPAF (25) BR Plants Common Name: Rose MallowA unique flower pattern that you wouldn't expect on a Hardy Hibiscus! Rich rose pink flowers have a lavender purple halo at the centers. The flowers cover the dissected, olive green leaves...

    $215.40
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  • Hibiscus 'Candy Crush'
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    Hibiscus 'Candy Crush' PP32587 (25) BR Plants

    Hibiscus 'Candy Crush' PP32587 (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® SUMMERIFIC® Collection Common Name: Rose MallowThis hardy Hibiscus shares all the great traits that made 'Cranberry Crush' popular: upright, columnar habit, fantastic garden presence,...

    $225.00
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  • Dianthus 'Paint the Town Red'
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    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Red' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Red' PPAF (30)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Paint the Town SeriesCommon Name: PinksMembers of the Paint the Town Series are prized for their bright colors and increased heat tolerance. This translates to better performance nearly...

    $183.16
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  • Heuchera 'Evening Gown'
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    Heuchera 'Evening Gown' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Heuchera 'Evening Gown' PPAF (30)ct Flat Proven Winners® DRESSED UP Series Common Name: Coral Bells'Evening Gown' is the inaugural member of a new series of Heuchera for Proven Winners that is prized for its incredible ruffled leaves, a feature that...

    $185.40
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  • Heuchera 'Toffee Tart'
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    Heuchera 'Toffee Tart' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Heuchera 'Toffee Tart' PPAF (30)ct Flat Proven Winners® DOLCE® Series Common Name: Coral Bells'Toffee Tart' displays differing shades of ginger caramel throughout the seasons. In spring, newest leaves are amber with a silver overlay. Mature...

    $185.40
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry'
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    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Razzberry' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite...

    $172.28
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  • Monarda 'Pardon My Rose'
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    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Pardon My SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmNo room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden? Here is a compact selection that's easy to tuck into the front of your sunny border...

    $172.28
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  • Buddleia 'Lilac Cascade'
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    Buddleia 'Lilac Cascade' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Lilac Cascade' PPAF (30)ct Flat Cascade CollectionCommon Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacJust like the others of the Cascade series, the habit of this Butterfly Bush has panicles that cascade downward like a waterfall. 12-18" huge, puffy...

    $182.68
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  • Buddleia 'Gold Drop'
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    Buddleia 'Gold Drop' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Gold Drop' PPAF  (30)ct Flat HUMDINGER® Collection Common Name: Butterfly BushThis new addition to the HUMDINGER® Collection shares the same compact habit and shorter stature as the other members. Purple flower panicles are...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst'
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    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Amethyst' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact...

    $172.28
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  • Buddleia 'Violet Cascade'
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    Buddleia 'Violet Cascade' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Violet Cascade' PPAF (30)ct Flat Cascade CollectionCommon Name: Butterfly BushThis plant is perfect for late season flower color! 'Violet Cascade' has the same cascading habit as the other members of the series, but with deep purple, cascading...

    $182.68
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink'
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    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Pink' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact clump...

    $172.28
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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Purple'
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    Monarda 'Electric Neon Purple' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Purple' PPAF (20)ct Flat Electric Neon SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmA new color for the Electric Neon series! 3", bright fuchsia purple flowers are produced over a medium-sized habit of deep green leaves. Excellent resistance to...

    $160.44
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  • Iris 'Yarai'
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    Iris pseudata 'Yarai' (25) BR Plants

    Iris pseudata 'Yarai' (25) BR Plants Common Name: Pseudata IrisOne of the first pseudatas to bloom! This tall plant will bring height to your garden with a unique peach blend flowers that have deep purple veining. The standards have more deep purple...

    $165.00
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Romance'
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    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants - Proven Winners® Common Name: Hybrid PhloxIt keeps getting better and better for Opening Act Phlox. This new variety is the pinnacle of refinement, with a low-wide habit that's nearly dome-like, a...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox 'Backlight'
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    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxJoining the other members of the LUMINARY™ Collection, 'Backlight' brings a highly sought-after flower color. Pure white flowers are...

    $187.80
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  • Nepeta 'Picture Purrfect'
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    Nepeta 'Picture Purrfect' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Nepeta 'Picture Purrfect' PPAF (25) BR Plants Common Name: CatmintA new must-have for landscapers! 'Picture Purrfect' has a similar compact height to 'Kitten Around' but has a much broader habit and blooms about two weeks earlier, depending on...

    $165.80
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  • Hemerocallis 'Persian Ruby'
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    Hemerocallis 'Persian Ruby' (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Persian Ruby' (25) BR Plants Common Name: DaylilyAn easily recognizable daylily that's a must-have for your garden! Deep purplish red, spoon-shaped flowers are massive – nearly 8" across. The large green throat is a nice contrast to...

    $226.60
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  • Clematis 'Stand by Me Lavender'
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    Clematis 'Stand by Me Lavender' PPAF (10) Plants

    Clematis 'Stand by Me Lavender' PPAF (10) Plants Common Name: Bush ClematisThis variety has the same performance as 'Stand by Me' but with a lavender shade of flowers to join the original's blue. Dark purple buds open to lavender purple, bell-shaped,...

    $254.60
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  • Lobelia STARSHIP™ Blue
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Lobelia s. 'Starship Blue' (30)ct Flat

    Lobelia s. 'Starship Blue' (30)ct Flat Height: 28-32 Inches, Spread: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: Blue shadesHardiness Zone: 6 - 10Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Early fall Deep violet blue flowers are produced on incredibly upright...

    $141.40
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  • Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Daylily (Jablonski, 1975)  Single Fan bare root plant The world's most popular daylily! 2.75", bright gold complete self with mild pie crust edging and a subtle fragrance Begins blooming in early summer...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily PURPLE de ORO

    Hemerocallis 'Purple de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Purple de Oro' (DeGroot, 2000) Single Fan bare root plant a/k/a RAZZMATAZZ Medium dark purple with lighter midrib and edge above gold throat. Height is 20 inches with 3 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Dipliod. Petals have...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily  HYPERION

    Hemerocallis 'Hyperion' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Hyperion' Daylily Single Fan bare root plant A nostalgic daylily that has been in cultivation for nearly 90 years 5", canary yellow self with a tiny, green throat Trumpet flower form; when viewed from the side it has the shape of a...

    $3.86
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  • Salvia nemorosa 'Tidal Pool'
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    Salvia n. 'Tidal Pool' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Salvia n. 'Tidal Pool' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Perennial Salvia, Garden SageBicolor flowers have violet blue hoods and lighter insides. Individual flowers are larger than typical S. nemorosa and covers a low, wide habit. Height: 18.0-20.0...

    $173.00
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  • Phlox 'Ultraviolet'
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    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVery dark, magenta violet flower panicles are held above a full, bushy habit of bright green foliage. An improvement on the...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox p. 'Opalescence'
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    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY?? Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThe flagship variety of the LUMINARY™ Collection and the gold standard of powdery mildew resistance. In an extensive...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink'
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    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThis Phlox isn't just pink, it's ULTRApink! With this addition to the Opening Act Phlox Collection, it is officially the brightest, most...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox 'Magenta Pearl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxA counterpart to 'Amethyst Pearl', this variety has similar disease-resistant foliage, and early bloomtime and rebloom power, but with deeper magenta pink flowers. This variety is...

    $174.60
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll White'
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    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. White flowers form a mass of blooms on top of the dark green foliage...

    $174.60
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. Bright pink flowers with a white halo form a mass of blooms on top of...

    $174.60
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  • Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice'
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    Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Russian SageYou would be wise to choose this Perovskia because it's the darkest purple shade to date. Rich lavender purple flowers are produced on strong,...

    $186.60
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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral'
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    Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral' PPAF (20)ct Flat Huge 3' light coral pink flowers are produced above very dark green foliage. Excellent resistance to common foliar diseases such as powdery mildew. Height: 20.0-22.0 InchesSpread:18.0-20.0 InchesHardiness...

    $160.44
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  • Monarda 'Berry Taffy'
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    Monarda 'Berry Taffy' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Berry Taffy' PPAF - SUGAR BUZZ® Series (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmThe members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens, Inc. hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24' tall. All...

    $160.44
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  • Hemerocallis 'Rock Solid'
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    Hemerocallis 'Rock Solid' (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Rock Solid'(25) Bare Root Plants Common Name: DaylilyAn impressive, reliable daylily in terms of both performance and attractiveness. Light mauve flowers have an extremely wide, dark purple eye and a matching dark purple picotee edge. 'Rock...

    $218.60
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  • Dicentra 'Pink Diamonds'
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    Dicentra 'Pink Diamonds' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Dicentra 'Pink Diamonds' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners®(20)ct Flat Common Name: Fern-leaved Bleeding Heart'Pink Diamonds' explodes with flowers in late spring to early summer and blooms throughout the season. Pink flowers open light pink and show a...

    $236.28
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  • Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy'
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    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (30)ct Flat Common Name: Pinks'Paint the Town Fancy' produces 1', single, rosy fuchsia flowers with a red eye and serrated petals. Flowers completely cover the plant when it's in peak. Its...

    $183.16
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  • Clematis 'Rain Dance'
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    Clematis 'Rain Dance' PPAF (10) Plants

    Clematis 'Rain Dance' PPAF (10) Plants Common Name: Bush Clematis Incredibly large (2½-3'), outward facing indigo blue flowers with darker midribs and lighter margins. Although this is a non-vining Clematis, the plant will benefit from support,...

    $217.00
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  • Buddleia 'Princess Pink'
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    Buddleia 'Princess Pink' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Princess Pink' PPAF - MONARCH® Collection (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacA fresh shade of light pink for the MONARCH® Collection! 8' long, light appleblossom pink flower panicles are produced above a round habit of...

    $182.68
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  • Buddleia 'Pink Cascade'
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    Buddleia 'Pink Cascade' PP30711 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Pink Cascade' PP30711 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacThis beautifully unique Butterfly Bush has an arching, weeping look versus the normal upright habit. Light apple blossom pink flower panicles are 8-10' long. Minty green...

    $182.68
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  • Buddleia 'Grand Cascade'
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    Buddleia 'Grand Cascade' PP30868 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Grand Cascade' PP30868 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacThink all Buddleia look the same? Think again! Unlike the typical Butterfly Bush, the panicles on this flowering shrub cascade downward, similar to the look of weeping...

    $182.68
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  • Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow
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    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow (30)ct Flat

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow (30)ct Flat Common Name: ColumbineKIRIGAMI™ Yellow has flowers with light yellow shades. Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They also have excellent potential as cut...

    $146.20
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