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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Daylily (Jablonski, 1975)  Single Fan bare root plant The world's most popular daylily! 2.75", bright gold complete self with mild pie crust edging and a subtle fragrance Begins blooming in early summer...

    $135.13
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  • Daylily PURPLE de ORO

    Hemerocallis 'Purple de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Purple de Oro' (DeGroot, 2000) Single Fan bare root plant a/k/a RAZZMATAZZ Medium dark purple with lighter midrib and edge above gold throat. Height is 20 inches with 3 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Dipliod. Petals have...

    $2.78
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  • Daylily  HYPERION

    Hemerocallis 'Hyperion' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Hyperion' Daylily Single Fan bare root plant A nostalgic daylily that has been in cultivation for nearly 90 years 5", canary yellow self with a tiny, green throat Trumpet flower form; when viewed from the side it has the shape of a...

    $3.74
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  • Salvia 'Vanity Flair' 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Salvia 'Vanity Flair' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Salvia 'Vanity Flair' PPAF - FASHIONISTA® Collection (25) bare root clumps 'Vanity Flair' has large sky blue flowers. The long flower spikes are produced above a dense mass canopy of dark green foliage. Height: 20.0-22.0 InchesSpread: 20.0-24.0...

    $161.38
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  • Salvia nemorosa 'Tidal Pool'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Salvia n. 'Tidal Pool' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Salvia n. 'Tidal Pool' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Perennial Salvia, Garden SageBicolor flowers have violet blue hoods and lighter insides. Individual flowers are larger than typical S. nemorosa and covers a low, wide habit. Height: 18.0-20.0...

    $153.50
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  • Phlox 'Ultraviolet'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVery dark, magenta violet flower panicles are held above a full, bushy habit of bright green foliage. An improvement on the...

    $170.38
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  • Phlox p. 'Opalescence'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY?? Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThe flagship variety of the LUMINARY™ Collection and the gold standard of powdery mildew resistance. In an extensive...

    $170.38
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThis Phlox isn't just pink, it's ULTRApink! With this addition to the Opening Act Phlox Collection, it is officially the brightest, most...

    $168.50
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  • Phlox 'Magenta Pearl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxA counterpart to 'Amethyst Pearl', this variety has similar disease-resistant foliage, and early bloomtime and rebloom power, but with deeper magenta pink flowers. This variety is...

    $158.00
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll White'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. White flowers form a mass of blooms on top of the dark green foliage...

    $158.00
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. Bright pink flowers with a white halo form a mass of blooms on top of...

    $158.00
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  • Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Russian SageYou would be wise to choose this Perovskia because it's the darkest purple shade to date. Rich lavender purple flowers are produced on strong,...

    $169.25
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  • Hemerocallis 'Rock Solid'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Rock Solid' (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Rock Solid'(25) Bare Root Plants Common Name: DaylilyAn impressive, reliable daylily in terms of both performance and attractiveness. Light mauve flowers have an extremely wide, dark purple eye and a matching dark purple picotee edge. 'Rock...

    $204.13
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  • Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (30)ct Flat Common Name: Pinks'Paint the Town Fancy' produces 1", single, rosy fuchsia flowers with a red eye and serrated petals. Flowers completely cover the plant when it's in peak. Its...

    $165.05
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  • Clematis 'Rain Dance'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Clematis 'Rain Dance' PPAF (10) Plants

    Clematis 'Rain Dance' PPAF (10) Plants Common Name: Bush Clematis Incredibly large (2½-3"), outward facing indigo blue flowers with darker midribs and lighter margins. Although this is a non-vining Clematis, the plant will benefit from support,...

    $196.63
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  • Buddleia 'Princess Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Princess Pink' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Princess Pink' PPAF - MONARCH® Collection (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacA fresh shade of light pink for the MONARCH® Collection! 8" long, light appleblossom pink flower panicles are produced above a round habit of...

    $166.85
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  • Buddleia 'Pink Cascade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Pink Cascade' PP30711 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Pink Cascade' PP30711 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacThis beautifully unique Butterfly Bush has an arching, weeping look versus the normal upright habit. Light apple blossom pink flower panicles are 8-10" long. Minty green...

    $166.85
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  • Buddleia 'Lavender Cascade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Lavender Cascade' PP30635 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Lavender Cascade' PP30635 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacSoft lavender purple flower panicles are approximately 8-10" long and 3" wide and cascade down the habit like a waterfall. Compared to 'Grand Cascade', this Buddleia...

    $166.85
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  • Buddleia 'Grand Cascade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Grand Cascade' PP30868 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Grand Cascade' PP30868 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacThink all Buddleia look the same? Think again! Unlike the typical Butterfly Bush, the panicles on this flowering shrub cascade downward, similar to the look of weeping...

    $166.85
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  • Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow (30)ct Flat

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow (30)ct Flat Common Name: ColumbineKIRIGAMI™ Yellow has flowers with light yellow shades. Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They also have excellent potential as cut...

    $133.55
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  • Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Rose & Pink 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Rose & Pink (30)ct Flat

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Rose & Pink (30)ct Flat Common Name: ColumbineKIRIGAMI™ Rose & Pink has flowers with a mix of dark rose and lighter pink shades.Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They...

    $133.55
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