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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Heuchera 'Berry Timeless' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Heuchera 'Berry Timeless' PP26357 (20)ct Flat

    Heuchera 'Berry Timeless' PP26357 (20)ct Flat Coral Bells Height: 8-10 Inches, Spread: 20 Inches, Scape Height: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: Pink shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun - Full shade Blooms Early summer -...

    $174.84
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  • Dianthus 'Paint the Town Red'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Red' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Red' PPAF (30)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Paint the Town SeriesCommon Name: PinksMembers of the Paint the Town Series are prized for their bright colors and increased heat tolerance. This translates to better performance nearly...

    $183.16
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  • Heuchera 'Evening Gown'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Heuchera 'Evening Gown' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Heuchera 'Evening Gown' PPAF (30)ct Flat Proven Winners® DRESSED UP Series Common Name: Coral Bells'Evening Gown' is the inaugural member of a new series of Heuchera for Proven Winners that is prized for its incredible ruffled leaves, a feature that...

    $185.40
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  • Heuchera 'Toffee Tart'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Heuchera 'Toffee Tart' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Heuchera 'Toffee Tart' PPAF (30)ct Flat Proven Winners® DOLCE® Series Common Name: Coral Bells'Toffee Tart' displays differing shades of ginger caramel throughout the seasons. In spring, newest leaves are amber with a silver overlay. Mature...

    $185.40
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Razzberry' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite...

    $172.28
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  • Monarda 'Pardon My Rose'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Pardon My SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmNo room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden? Here is a compact selection that's easy to tuck into the front of your sunny border...

    $172.28
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  • Buddleia 'Lilac Cascade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Buddleia 'Lilac Cascade' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Lilac Cascade' PPAF (30)ct Flat Cascade CollectionCommon Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacJust like the others of the Cascade series, the habit of this Butterfly Bush has panicles that cascade downward like a waterfall. 12-18" huge, puffy...

    $182.68
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Amethyst' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact...

    $172.28
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Pink' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact clump...

    $172.28
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Romance'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants - Proven Winners® Common Name: Hybrid PhloxIt keeps getting better and better for Opening Act Phlox. This new variety is the pinnacle of refinement, with a low-wide habit that's nearly dome-like, a...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox 'Backlight'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxJoining the other members of the LUMINARY™ Collection, 'Backlight' brings a highly sought-after flower color. Pure white flowers are...

    $187.80
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  • Pennisetum 'Lemon Squeeze'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Penstemon a. 'Lemon Squeeze' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Penstemon a. 'Lemon Squeeze' PPAF (30)ct Flat Proven Winners® PRAIRIE WINDS® Collection Common Name: Fountain GrassA brilliantly colored ornamental grass that's perfect for contrast in your sun garden. 'Lemon Squeeze' behaves like other Fountain...

    $191.32
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  • Nepeta 'Picture Purrfect'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Nepeta 'Picture Purrfect' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Nepeta 'Picture Purrfect' PPAF (25) BR Plants Common Name: CatmintA new must-have for landscapers! 'Picture Purrfect' has a similar compact height to 'Kitten Around' but has a much broader habit and blooms about two weeks earlier, depending on...

    $165.80
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  • Lobelia STARSHIP™ Blue
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Lobelia s. 'Starship Blue' (30)ct Flat

    Lobelia s. 'Starship Blue' (30)ct Flat Height: 28-32 Inches, Spread: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: Blue shadesHardiness Zone: 6 - 10Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Early fall Deep violet blue flowers are produced on incredibly upright...

    $141.40
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  • Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Daylily (Jablonski, 1975)  Single Fan bare root plant The world's most popular daylily! 2.75", bright gold complete self with mild pie crust edging and a subtle fragrance Begins blooming in early summer...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily PURPLE de ORO

    Hemerocallis 'Purple de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Purple de Oro' (DeGroot, 2000) Single Fan bare root plant a/k/a RAZZMATAZZ Medium dark purple with lighter midrib and edge above gold throat. Height is 20 inches with 3 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Dipliod. Petals have...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily  HYPERION

    Hemerocallis 'Hyperion' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Hyperion' Daylily Single Fan bare root plant A nostalgic daylily that has been in cultivation for nearly 90 years 5", canary yellow self with a tiny, green throat Trumpet flower form; when viewed from the side it has the shape of a...

    $3.86
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  • Salvia 'Vanity Flair' 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Salvia 'Vanity Flair' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Salvia 'Vanity Flair' PPAF - FASHIONISTA® Collection (25) bare root clumps 'Vanity Flair' has large sky blue flowers. The long flower spikes are produced above a dense mass canopy of dark green foliage. Height: 20.0-22.0 InchesSpread: 20.0-24.0...

    $175.00
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  • Phlox 'Ultraviolet'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVery dark, magenta violet flower panicles are held above a full, bushy habit of bright green foliage. An improvement on the...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox p. 'Opalescence'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY?? Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThe flagship variety of the LUMINARY™ Collection and the gold standard of powdery mildew resistance. In an extensive...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThis Phlox isn't just pink, it's ULTRApink! With this addition to the Opening Act Phlox Collection, it is officially the brightest, most...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox 'Magenta Pearl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxA counterpart to 'Amethyst Pearl', this variety has similar disease-resistant foliage, and early bloomtime and rebloom power, but with deeper magenta pink flowers. This variety is...

    $174.60
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll White'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. White flowers form a mass of blooms on top of the dark green foliage...

    $174.60
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. Bright pink flowers with a white halo form a mass of blooms on top of...

    $174.60
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  • Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Perovskia a. 'Sage Advice' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Russian SageYou would be wise to choose this Perovskia because it's the darkest purple shade to date. Rich lavender purple flowers are produced on strong,...

    $186.60
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  • Dicentra 'Pink Diamonds'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Dicentra 'Pink Diamonds' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Dicentra 'Pink Diamonds' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners®(20)ct Flat Common Name: Fern-leaved Bleeding Heart'Pink Diamonds' explodes with flowers in late spring to early summer and blooms throughout the season. Pink flowers open light pink and show a...

    $236.28
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  • Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Dianthus 'Paint the Town Fancy' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (30)ct Flat Common Name: Pinks'Paint the Town Fancy' produces 1', single, rosy fuchsia flowers with a red eye and serrated petals. Flowers completely cover the plant when it's in peak. Its...

    $183.16
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  • Buddleia 'Princess Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Princess Pink' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Princess Pink' PPAF - MONARCH® Collection (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacA fresh shade of light pink for the MONARCH® Collection! 8' long, light appleblossom pink flower panicles are produced above a round habit of...

    $182.68
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  • Buddleia 'Pink Cascade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Pink Cascade' PP30711 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Pink Cascade' PP30711 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacThis beautifully unique Butterfly Bush has an arching, weeping look versus the normal upright habit. Light apple blossom pink flower panicles are 8-10' long. Minty green...

    $182.68
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  • Buddleia 'Grand Cascade'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Buddleia 'Grand Cascade' PP30868 (30)ct Flat

    Buddleia 'Grand Cascade' PP30868 (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer LilacThink all Buddleia look the same? Think again! Unlike the typical Butterfly Bush, the panicles on this flowering shrub cascade downward, similar to the look of weeping...

    $182.68
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  • Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow (30)ct Flat

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Yellow (30)ct Flat Common Name: ColumbineKIRIGAMI™ Yellow has flowers with light yellow shades. Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They also have excellent potential as cut...

    $146.20
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  • Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Rose & Pink 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Rose & Pink (30)ct Flat

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Rose & Pink (30)ct Flat Common Name: ColumbineKIRIGAMI™ Rose & Pink has flowers with a mix of dark rose and lighter pink shades.Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They...

    $146.20
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  • KIRIGAMIƒ?› Mix 
Photos courtesy of Syngenta Flowers, Inc.

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Mix (30)ct Flat

    Aquilegia KIRIGAMI Mix (30)ct Flat Common Name: ColumbineThe KIRIGAMI™ Mix includes blue, red, pink, yellow, and white shades.Aquilegia is especially lovely when allowed to naturalize in shady, woodland borders. They also have excellent potential...

    $146.20
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  • Phlox paniculata 'Uptown Girl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Uptown Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Uptown Girl' PPAF - GARDEN GIRLS Collection (25) bare root clumps Height: 32.0-36.0 InchesSpread: 28.0-32.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Pink shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun Average Water NeedsAverage to Fertile...

    $170.60
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxThis new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlier. It boasts a long season of color in addition to being early blooming. Near white flowers with a dark pink, central star...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox paniculata 'Cover Girl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Cover Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Cover Girl' PPAF - GARDEN GIRLS Collection (25) bare root clumps Height: 38.0-42.0 InchesSpread: 24.0-28.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Purple shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun (> 6 hrs. Direct...

    $170.60
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  • Penstemon 'Onyx and Pearls'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Penstemon 'Onyx and Pearls' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Penstemon 'Onyx and Pearls' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Named after two polar opposite colors of gemstones, onyx is in reference to its dark foliage and pearls refers to its soft lavender flowers with white interiors. From a distance, the flowers look...

    $177.40
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  • Iris s. 'Sunfisher'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Sunfisher' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Sunfisher' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisLight yellow standards and deeper yellow falls form a beautiful display in early to midseason. Based on our observations, this is one of the earliest of the Siberian Iris to bloom...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Sky Mirror'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Sky Mirror' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Sky Mirror' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisWith a similar flower shape to 'Ruffled Velvet', this Iris will give you the rare light blue shade that you've been needing for your early summer garden. Pale sky blue falls have navy...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Cape Cod Boys'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Cape Cod Boys' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Cape Cod Boys' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisJust like the famous shore community of Cape Cod, this Siberian Iris will make you think of beaches and the ocean. Periwinkle blue flowers have darker blue veining that intensifies...

    $165.00
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  • Hemerocallis 'Inkheart'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Inkheart' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Inkheart' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: DaylilyOne look at this beautiful daylily and you'll see why it got its name. Each creamy yellow flowers has a crisp, dark purple eye (or 'heart') with a matching picotee edge. As an added...

    $226.60
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