We hope you
use the following information as a starting point, recognizing that
growing practices vary from region to region. What works for one
gardener does not always work
for the next as there are countless variables that enter into the
equation. For more detailed planting and plant specific information click here.
When your plant arrives, remove from the shipping box
immediately. If any
roots are frozen (some varieties are on occasion stored in coolers), allow to thaw slowly
|If it is a potted plant,
immediately unpack, discard any packing material clinging
to the leaves or soil.
Cut any netting
away, pulling the netting off may cause damage to foliage.
Place them in an environment conducive to their needs and/or weather conditions
and water thoroughly. If you cannot plant it within a few days, place the flat
in a lightly shaded, protected area and water
is a bare root plant (no soil around the roots and trimmed leaves), plant
bare roots as soon as possible. Immediately unpack,
discard any packing material. Light surface mold is not unusual. This is generally harmless
and does not affect plant performance. A preventative fungicide is
unnecessary unless the variety is prone to fungal
roots in water for at least 15 minutes is
If you are unable
to get your new plants in the ground quickly, unwrap the plants to
determine if the roots are still moist. If the roots appear dry, soak them
in tepid water for at least 15 minutes. Store in a cool, dry area. Do not let plants freeze.
Be very careful to ensure there is no moisture on any leaves. Repeat
every couple of days. until you are ready to plant it in the
ground. If planting is delayed, heel them into a temporary bed. Dig
a trench, lay the plants at a 45 degree angle, with roots in the
trench, cover the roots with loose soil, and water well.
|When you are ready to plant it, do the job as early
in the day as possible. Overcast, slightly cool weather is ideal, but you
can always add some temporary shade if the sun is hot. Even sun-loving
plants appreciate a little shade their first few days in the ground.
|A home for your new
perennials should be prepared prior to their arrival if you wish to put
them directly into the landscape. Establishing a balance between water
holding capacity and aeration is the first key to a beautiful garden. If
your soil is heavy, it should be amended with sand, bark, and / or compost
material to improve drainage, and the soil should be mounded above grade
to assure proper drainage. Mixing different components often provides the
physical properties for optimum growth. Peat moss has excellent water
holding characteristics, bark and sand promote aeration and drainage.
Most perennials prefer well-drained
soil. If you are not sure what kind of soil is in your garden, begin with a test from your local Co-operative Extension Service (http://www.csrees.usda.gov/Extension/ )|
Add organic matter at
Adding amendments such as
humus or compost at planting time is critical, but nutrients leave the
soil over time, and need replenishment. Nearly all plants grow better in
soil that retains moisture, drains well, and is fairly fertile.
Continually work your soil and plants will grow to their fullest
potential. If you are creating a new bed, till the
area to a depth of about 10 inches, add a few inches of compost, and till
again. If you are planting in an established bed, work compost into the
top 6 to 8 inches of
Dig the hole. The hole should be dug at a depth so that 1/8 of the
rootball will sit above the ground. Planting deep is a major cause of
plant death. The hole should be twice as wide as the rootball.
B) If bed has
not been amended, a soil mixture of 25% to 30% compost mixed with dirt
removed from the hole is generally recommended. Do not use topsoil as a soil
conditioner. Mix thoroughly.
- Carefully remove the plant from its plastic pot. If
it is an Ellepot, the biodegradable paper
sleeve is environmentally friendly and will decompose. Always handle the plant by its rootball.
If root bound, loosen and
sure the plant is standing straight. Fill the hole with the soil
mixture; by hand, pack down the soil. Do not put soil on top of the
around the base of the plant. The mulch should be 2 to 3 inches deep.
sure to pull the mulch away from the plant base to prevent disease and
insect damage, especially in the South.
the plant slowly and thoroughly.
any broken stems and branches.
Place just the roots in water to soak for one to four hours
Dig shallow, wide
The hole should be almost twice as wide as the root system and about as
deep as the roots are long. Planting deep is a major cause of plant
B) If bed has not been amended, a soil mixture of 25% to 30% compost mixed
with dirt removed from the hole is generally recommended. Do not use topsoil as
a soil conditioner. Mix thoroughly.
soil in the bottom of the hole so that the peak reaches just about
Set the plant
so the crown (the part between roots and where stems will emerge) sits
at or just below the soil line. Spread the roots so
they cascade over the mound. Backfill with
by hand, pack down the soil.
sure the plant is standing straight and the crown is
just below ground level.
around the base of the plant. The mulch should be 2 to 3 inches deep. Be
sure to pull the mulch away from the plant to prevent disease and insect
damage, especially in the South.
slowly and thoroughly.
any broken stems and branches.
Keep plants watered during their first season, even drought tolerant plants. A
weekly deep soaking will
encourage the root system. It is best to water early
in the day, giving foliage a chance to dry out before evening hours - to
reduce disease possibilities and crown
rot. Apply a layer of compost each spring to provide
nutrients and maintain soil health. Beyond that, most perennials need
little supplemental fertilizer.
Plants to Grow Dry
Aquilegia, Amsonia, Asclepias
tuberosa, Centaurea, Corydalis, Dwarf Iris, Echinacea, Gaura, Iberis, Lavandula,
Lewisia, Lupines, Oenothera, Perovskia, Platycodon, Stachys, Verbascum, and
Yucca. It is very important to water these varieties infrequently. Plant the
above varieties in a well-drained media, water in thoroughly after planting;
water lightly thereafter.
Plants to Grow Wet
Iris ensata, Iris sibirica, Iris
pseudacorus, Acorus, Cimicifuga, Astilbe, Dicentra, and Trollius. These plants
are unforgiving if allowed to dry out. Leaves will scorch and regrowth will be
Deadheading- Pinching and pruning
perennials will help keep them attractive and encourage
Not sure how many plants are needed?