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Monarda

monarda-grand-marshall.jpgMonarda (mo-nard-ah) Beebalm, Oswego Tea, Bergamot, Horsemint; Lamiaceae Family, Mint.
Aromatic perennials of sturdy habit, growing in strong clumps. The showy, clustered flowers are white, lavender, pink, or red, blooming at the top of the leafy stem. Monarda’s very sweet nectar attracts scores of honeybees, butterflies and hummingbirds to the garden, particularly in mass plantings. They grow so vigorously and spread so rapidly they may need restraining in the garden. Some monarda species are often seen along roadsides. Monarda is useful in the herb garden, for a large border and the wild garden.

An eastern North America native in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and especially along stream banks, monarda is easy to grow and multiplies quickly. A clump-forming member of the mint family, monardas have tubular flowers borne in dense, spherical, mop-heads atop 2 to 4 foot tall stems. Monarda has a long summer bloom season. Removing spent blooms will prolong bloom cycle. The serrated, aromatic 3 to 6 inch long leaves smells like mint when crushed; and are often used to flavor teas and in salads.

monarda-butterfly

Monarda tolerates most soil conditions, but will grow best in organic, medium-to-wet, moisture-retentive soils in full sun to part shade. Soil should not be allowed to dry out, beebalm is not drought tolerant. Beebalm does well in full sun or partial shade. 

monarda.jpg

Plants multiple faster with shade, but will flower more in the sun. Most monardas multiply rapidly either by underground stems or self-sowing. To keep plants healthy and vigorous, they should be divided every three to four years in the spring.


Monarda didyma (did-im-uh), Oswego Tea; is the usual species of commerce and cultivars. Monarda fistulosa (fiss-tew-loh-suh)--Wild Bergamot, to 5 foot tall, rose to purple flowers in late summer, leaves are more hairy and less toothed than didyma, stems grow out of the previous flower head, tolerance to dry conditions and mildew; herbal use in the treatment of headaches and fevers. Most cultivars are crosses between didyma and fistulosa, or among various cultivars. Propagation: Monarda can be started from seeds, but if you want to propagate the cultivars, start new plants by dividing the root clumps in early spring before new growth begins.

Landscape habit, uses: borders, naturalized, bee, butterfly and hummingbird gardens, wild or native plant garden, meadow, herb garden, naturalized planting or along ponds or streams.

  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Razzberry' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite...

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  • Monarda 'Pardon My Rose'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Pardon My SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmNo room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden? Here is a compact selection that's easy to tuck into the front of your sunny border...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Amethyst' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Pink' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact clump...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PPAF (20)ct Flat Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmA Monarda bradburiana hybrid, she leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite clump than common M. didyma cultivars. She typically...

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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmIt's electric! That's what you might think when you look at the fabulous color of this new interspecific hybrid of Bee Balm. Intense, dark neon pink flowers are produced above an upright...

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  • Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 20 Inches,Spread: 20 InchesFlower Color: Purple shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer The members of the SUGAR BUZZ™ Series from the Walters Gardens,...

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  • Monarda didyma Pardon My Cerise PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 14-18 Inches, Spread: 10-12 InchesFlower Color: Red shadesHardiness Zone: 4 to 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer No room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden?...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 10-14 Inches, Spread: 22-28 InchesFlower Color: Pink shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Early summer and Midsummer Bee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but ‘Leading Lady...

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  • Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF - SUGAR BUZZ TM Series Bee Balm Height: 19 Inches, Spread: 16 InchesFlower Color: Pink - Purple Shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun - Part shade Blooms Midsummer - Late summer In midsummer,...

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  • Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple'
The Pardon My Monarda series is a neat and compact bee balm that is not invasive and does not need staking.  Prefers full to part sun settings, blooms mid-late summer, grows to 10'-18' and is hardy from zone 4-9.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Fuchsia purple flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks earlier...

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  • Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink'

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Cheerful true pink flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks later...

    $172.28
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