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Monarda

monarda-grand-marshall.jpgMonarda (mo-nard-ah) Beebalm, Oswego Tea, Bergamot, Horsemint; Lamiaceae Family, Mint.
Aromatic perennials of sturdy habit, growing in strong clumps. The showy, clustered flowers are white, lavender, pink, or red, blooming at the top of the leafy stem. Monarda’s very sweet nectar attracts scores of honeybees, butterflies and hummingbirds to the garden, particularly in mass plantings. They grow so vigorously and spread so rapidly they may need restraining in the garden. Some monarda species are often seen along roadsides. Monarda is useful in the herb garden, for a large border and the wild garden.

An eastern North America native in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and especially along stream banks, monarda is easy to grow and multiplies quickly. A clump-forming member of the mint family, monardas have tubular flowers borne in dense, spherical, mop-heads atop 2 to 4 foot tall stems. Monarda has a long summer bloom season. Removing spent blooms will prolong bloom cycle. The serrated, aromatic 3 to 6 inch long leaves smells like mint when crushed; and are often used to flavor teas and in salads.

monarda-butterfly

Monarda tolerates most soil conditions, but will grow best in organic, medium-to-wet, moisture-retentive soils in full sun to part shade. Soil should not be allowed to dry out, beebalm is not drought tolerant. Beebalm does well in full sun or partial shade. 

monarda.jpg

Plants multiple faster with shade, but will flower more in the sun. Most monardas multiply rapidly either by underground stems or self-sowing. To keep plants healthy and vigorous, they should be divided every three to four years in the spring.


Monarda didyma (did-im-uh), Oswego Tea; is the usual species of commerce and cultivars. Monarda fistulosa (fiss-tew-loh-suh)--Wild Bergamot, to 5 foot tall, rose to purple flowers in late summer, leaves are more hairy and less toothed than didyma, stems grow out of the previous flower head, tolerance to dry conditions and mildew; herbal use in the treatment of headaches and fevers. Most cultivars are crosses between didyma and fistulosa, or among various cultivars. Propagation: Monarda can be started from seeds, but if you want to propagate the cultivars, start new plants by dividing the root clumps in early spring before new growth begins.

Landscape habit, uses: borders, naturalized, bee, butterfly and hummingbird gardens, wild or native plant garden, meadow, herb garden, naturalized planting or along ponds or streams.

  • Monarda d Pardon My Rose PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Pardon My SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmNo room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden? Here is a compact selection that's easy to tuck into the front of your sunny border...

    $177.28
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  • Monarda Electric Neon Coral PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral' PPAF (20)ct Flat Huge 3' light coral pink flowers are produced above very dark green foliage. Excellent resistance to common foliar diseases such as powdery mildew. Height: 20.0-22.0 InchesSpread:18.0-20.0 InchesHardiness...

    $165.44
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  • Monarda Electric Neon Pink PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmIt's electric! That's what you might think when you look at the fabulous color of this new interspecific hybrid of Bee Balm. Intense, dark neon pink flowers are produced above an upright...

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  • Monarda Rockin Raspberry PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 20 Inches,Spread: 20 InchesFlower Color: Purple shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer The members of the SUGAR BUZZ™ Series from the Walters Gardens,...

    $165.44
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  • Monarda Pardon My Cerise PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 14-18 Inches, Spread: 10-12 InchesFlower Color: Red shadesHardiness Zone: 4 to 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer No room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden?...

    $177.28
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  • Monarda Cherry Pops PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda 'Cherry Pops' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Cherry Pops' PPAF - SUGAR BUZZ TM Series Bee Balm Height: 20 Inches, Spread: 26 InchesFlower Color: Pink Shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun - Part shade Blooms Midsummer - Late summer In midsummer, 'Cherry Pops'...

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  • Monarda d Pardon My Purple PP22170 20ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Fuchsia purple flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks earlier...

    $177.28
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  • Monarda d Pardon My Pink PPAF 20ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Cheerful true pink flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks later...

    $177.28
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