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Low Maintenance Perennials

Well-documented research shows that green space has many positive effects on the health and well-being of people. However, according to the Dutch Ministry of Land Use, in densely populated cities in The Netherlands the amount of urban amenity plantings are well below the recommended level of 800 sq.ft. (74 sq. m) per home. If increasing the quantity of plantings is impossible, effectiveness and quality can be increased by creating more biodiversity in green areas.

Herbaceous perennials are an excellent group of plants with which to achieve more variety and color on small sites. They are eminently suitable for use as ground covers, in flower beds, under trees, along roads and waterways and as edging around shrubs. Using perennials is also an effective way to add color and interest to existing urban/public plantings.

Low maintenance perennials are affordable - While it is true that, comparatively, herbaceous perennials can be quite expensive to buy and that preparation of planting sites takes time and money, by using low maintenance species, the reduced maintenance costs compensate for the initial expenditures. Over a 10-year period, a perennial bed does not have to cost any more to maintain than a shrub border or lawn. To achieve this, the right plants have to be chosen; they should be healthy, sturdy and suppress weeds with their excellent ground covering abilities.

Essential conditions for low maintenance perennial plantings
• Improve the soil on the site and thoroughly remove all weeds before planting.
• Choose plants with requirements that match the site conditions, especially for light and moisture.
• Choose the right plants for the desired use (good ground covers for weed suppression, salt tolerant plants for roadsides, etc.)
• No one plant will be suitable for planting in every situation.
• Consider the plant knowledge level of the maintenance crews and be prepared to provide concise maintenance instructions.
• Plant the right number of plants per sq. ft./m for fast coverage.
• Weed and water when necessary and replace dead plants until the ground is covered (usually at the end of the first summer after planting).

Some suitable species for urban plantings:
Alchemilla, Aster, Echinacea, Geranium, Hemerocallis, Liriope, Nepeta, ornamental grasses, Pachysandra, Rudbeckia and Sedum.

  • Carex b Firefox 30ct Flat

    Carex b. 'Firefox' (30)ct Flat

    Carex b. 'Firefox' (30)ct Flat Common Name: Leatherleaf SedgeA cool season evergreen grass with copper-red foliage in a spiky, upright habit. The wispy leaves are an excellent complement to broadleaf perennials like Salvia and Shasta Daisies. Consider...

    $176.51
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  • Liriope muscari Classic Blue 2.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue'Ingwersen Lily TurfLiriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (a.k.a.'Ingwersen') has ½" wide, green leaf blades. Blooms profusely with long, full, lavender flower spikes mid-Summer. Classic Blue Liriope stays in clump form. It...

    $2.18
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  • Liriope muscari Classic Blue 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Classic Blue'Ingwersen Lily TurfLiriope muscari 'Classic Blue' (a.k.a.'Ingwersen') has ½" wide, green leaf blades. Blooms profusely with long, full, lavender flower spikes mid-Summer. Classic Blue Liriope stays in clump form. It...

    $3.73
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  • Carex appalachica 3.5 inch pot

    Carex appalachica (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex appalachica Sedge - Appalachica SedgeVery fine, dark green, weeping blades, 12" long. Evergreen in warmer climates. Appalachian Sedge is a native to the Eastern U.S. Clumping nature-spreading slowly- makes it suitable for borders. A good ground...

    $5.98
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  • Carex o EVERCOLOR Everillo PP21002 30ct Flat

    Carex o. EVERCOLOR 'Everillo' PP21002 (30)ct Flat

    Carex o. EVERCOLOR 'Everillo' a/k/a Evergold Sedge, Sedge Grass, Variegated Japanese Sedge. Zone 5 to 10, Sun to part shade.Mature foliage height 8 to 12 inches, clump forming. Evergreen leaves with creamy yellow variegated center strip with deep...

    $230.95
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  • Carex morrowii Ice Dances 30ct Flat

    Carex morrowii 'Ice Dances' (30)ct Flat

    Carex morrowii 'Ice Dances' Common Names: Ice Dance Sedge, Sedge Grass, Japanese Sedge, Evergold Carex. Zone: 5 to 9, evergreen in the southern zones. Full sun in northern zones, but prefers partial to full shade. Mature size: 6 to 12 inches mounding...

    $228.97
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  • Carex laxiculmis Hobb 3.5 inch pot

    Carex laxiculmis 'Hobb' (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex laxiculmis 'Hobb' Common Name: Bunny Blue® Sedge, RushFamily: Cyperaceae Zone: 5 to 9 Height: 12 inches Spread: 12 inches Bloom Time: Insignificant yellowish flowers late spring. Part shade to full shade Water: Dry to medium Maintenance: Low...

    $6.35
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  • Carex flacca aka glauca 3.5 inch pot

    Carex flacca [a.k.a. glauca] (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex flacca [a.k.a. glauca] Common Name: Pennsylvania sedge Family: Cyperaceae Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 8 to 10 inches Spread: 6 to 12 inches Insignificant green flowers, late Spring. Part shade to full shade Water: Dry to medium Maintenance: Low Deer...

    $6.35
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  • Liriope muscari John Burch bare root plant

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' Thin border of creamy yellow edging each leaf blade. The flowers are lavender and it gets about 12 inches tall. Seeds mature into black berries and remain throughout the winter. Mature field grown plant shipped bare root...

    $1.65
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  • Liriope muscari John Burch 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'John Burch' Click here for more ordering and shipping information. Thin border of creamy yellow edging each leaf blade. The flowers are lavender and it gets about 12 inches tall. Seeds mature into black berries and remain throughout the...

    $4.10
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  • Liriope muscari Gold Band 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Gold Band' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Gold Band' Flower Color -Mauve/LilacBlooming Time -Mid Summer toEarly FallFoliage Color -Deep Green andVariegated YellowUses -Alpine ; Rock,Border,Containers,Deer Resistant,Drought Tolerant,Edging,Rabbit Resistant,Evergreen,Ground...

    $4.60
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  • Liriope muscari Densiflora bare root plant

    Liriope muscari 'Densiflora' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'Densiflora' Upright, Mature height 18-22" dark green leaf blade 3/8" - 1/2" wide, Lavender flower spike. Dense clumper. Good for borders. Similar to Evergreen Giant. Mature field grown plant shipped bare root. Click here for more...

    $1.40
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  • Liriope spicata bare root plant

    Liriope spicata (bare root plant)

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $1.53
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  • Liriope spicata 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope spicata (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $3.73
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  • Liriope spicata 2.5 inch pot

    Liriope spicata (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $2.18
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  • Liriope muscari Variegata 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' - Flat Variegated Lilyturf, Border Grass, Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial with...

    $3.98
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  • Liriope muscari Variegata 2.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' - Flat Variegated Lilyturf, Border Grass, Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial with...

    $2.43
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  • Liriope muscari Royal Purple bare root plant

    Liriope muscari 'Royal Purple' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'Royal Purple' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size: 14 to 20 inches height,forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays narrow blade-like, green foliage...

    $1.78
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  • Liriope muscari Royal Purple 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Royal Purple' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Royal Purple' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size: 14 to 20 inches height,forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays narrow blade-like, green foliage...

    $3.85
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  • Liriope muscari Monroe White 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Monroe White' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Monroe's White' Lilyturf, Border Grass Zones 6 to 10; Partial shade to shade. Mature size 14 to 20 inches height,clump forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays wide blade-like, dark green...

    $4.60
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  • Liriope muscari Majestic 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Majestic' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Majestic' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Partial sun. Mature size 18 to 24 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays narrow blade-like, dark green foliage. Dense spikes have...

    $3.85
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  • Liriope muscari Big Blue bare root plant

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' (bare root plant)

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun to dense shade. Mature size 12 to 18 inches height, clump forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays wide blade-like, dark green foliage. Dense...

    $1.53
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  • Liriope muscari Big Blue 3.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' (3.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun to dense shade. Mature size 12 to 18 inches height, clump forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays wide blade-like, dark green foliage. Dense...

    $3.73
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  • Liriope muscari Big Blue 2.5 inch pot

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' (2.5 inch pot)

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun to dense shade. Mature size 12 to 18 inches height, clump forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays wide blade-like, dark green foliage. Dense...

    $2.18
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  • Carex pensylvanica 3.5 inch pot

    Carex pensylvanica (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex pensylvanica Common Name: Pennsylvania sedge Family: Cyperaceae This species spreads quickly, forming a casual lawn alternative for shady places.  Zone: 3 to 9 Height: 6 to 12 inches Spread: 6 to 12 inches Bloom Time: May Part shade to...

    $5.98
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  • Carex morrowii Ice Dance 3.5 inch pot

    Carex morrowii 'Ice Dance' (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex morrowii 'Ice Dances' Common Names: Ice Dance Sedge, Sedge Grass, Japanese Sedge, Evergold Carex. Zone: 5 to 9, evergreen in the southern zones. Full sun in northern zones, but prefers partial to full shade. Mature size: 6 to 12 inches mounding...

    $5.98
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  • Carex oshimensis Evergold 3.5 inch pot

    Carex oshimensis 'Evergold' (3.5 inch pot)

    Carex hachijoensis 'Evergold' a/k/a Evergold Sedge, Sedge Grass, Variegated Japanese Sedge. Zone 5 to 10, Sun to part shade.Mature foliage height 8 to 12 inches, clump forming. Evergreen leaves with creamy yellow variegated center strip with deep green...

    $5.98
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  • Liriope spicata 18ct Flat

    Liriope spicata (18)ct Flat

    Liriope spicata a/k/a Creeping lilyturf Zones 4 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Spreads quickly by underground rhizomes to form colonies, and can be somewhat...

    $83.40
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  • Liriope muscari Variegata 18ct Flat

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' (18)ct Flat

    Liriope muscari 'Variegata' - Flat Variegated Lilyturf, Border Grass, Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun, filtered sun or deep shade. Mature size 10 to 16 inches height, forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial with...

    $83.40
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  • Liriope muscari Big Blue 18ct Flat

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' (18)ct Flat

    Liriope muscari 'Big Blue' Big Blue Lilyturf Zones 5 to 10; Full sun to dense shade. Mature size 12 to 18 inches height, clump forms a dense grass-like groundcover. Evergreen, clump-forming perennial displays wide blade-like, dark green foliage. Dense...

    $83.40
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  • Carex hachijoensis Evergold 10ct Quarts

    Carex hachijoensis 'Evergold' (10)ct Quarts

    Carex hachijoensis 'Evergold' a/k/a Evergold Sedge, Sedge Grass, Variegated Japanese Sedge. Zone 5 to 10, Sun to part shade.Mature foliage height 8 to 12 inches, clump forming. Evergreen leaves with creamy yellow variegated center strip with deep...

    $90.60
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  • Geranium Rozanne PP12175 20 ct Flat

    Geranium 'Rozanne' PP12175 (20) ct Flat

    Geranium 'Rozanne' PP12175 (20) ct Flat Common Name: Hardy Geranium, Cranesbill. Zones 4 to 8; Full Sun to part shade. Mature size 18 to 20 inch height, spreads 24 to 36 inches. Up to 2.5 inches diameter, saucer-shaped, violet blue flowers with...

    $250.76
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  • Geranium pratense Dark Reiter 30ct Flat

    Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter' (30)ct Flat

    Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter' Common Name: Hardy Geranium, Cranesbill. Zones 4 to 8; Full Sun to part shade. Mature size 8 to 10 inch height, spreads 12; clump forming. Dark-leafed geranium forms a compact mound of finely cut, plum purple foliage...

    $201.26
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  • Carex oshimensis Evergold 30ct Flat

    Carex oshimensis 'Evergold' (30)ct Flat

    Carex oshimensis 'Evergold' a/k/a Evergold Sedge, Sedge Grass, Variegated Japanese Sedge. Zone 5 to 10, Sun to part shade.Mature foliage height 8 to 12 inches, clump forming. Evergreen leaves with creamy yellow variegated center strip with deep...

    $219.07
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  • Carex elata Bowles Golden 30ct Flat

    Carex elata 'Bowles Golden' (30)ct Flat

    Carex elata 'Bowles Golden' a/k/a Gold Sedge, Sedge Grass, Ornamental Zones 6 to 8; Part shade (4-6 hrs. direct sun). Mature size 2 to 3 feet height, spreads 2 to 3 feet. This sedge has bright gold foliage with thin green margins and is taller than...

    $228.97
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