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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Nepeta 'Cat's Pajamas'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Nepeta 'Cat's Pajamas' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Nepeta 'Cat's Pajamas' PPAF (25) Bare Root Plants Common Name: CatmintA purr-fect Catmint for fans of 'Cat's Meow' who love the look but want a smaller scale version. In addition to being a little over half the height, 'Cats Pajamas' also blooms about...

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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmIt's electric! That's what you might think when you look at the fabulous color of this new interspecific hybrid of Bee Balm. Intense, dark neon pink flowers are produced above an upright...

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  • Salvia nemorosa 'Bumbleberry' PPAF

    Salvia n. 'Bumbleberry' PP31602 (25) BR Plants

    Salvia 'Bumbleberry' PP31602 Common Name: Salvia-Perennial, garden sage, wood sage; 'Bumbleberry' produces dark fuchsia pink flowers on dark wine purple calyxes on a petite habit of attractive deep green foliage. The deep, intense color makes other...

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  • Heucherella 'Catching Fire'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Heucherella 'Catching Fire' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Heucherella 'Catching Fire' PPAF (20)ct Flat Common Name: Foamy Bells Vibrant lime green leaves are rounded, giving it a refined presence in the garden. In the centers of each leaves are very defined flame-shaped markings that flare from the center like...

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  • Hemerocallis 'Stella Supreme'
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Hemerocallis STELLA SUPREME (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Stella Supreme' (25) BR Plants (Berbee) Height: 14 InchesFlower Color: Yellow ShadesHardiness Zone: 3 - 9 This daylily is similar in blooming behavior as the ever-popular ‘Stella de Oro’, but differs in terms of flower color...

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  • Hypericum calycinum (3.5 inch pot)

    Hypericum calycinum (3.5 inch pot)

    Hypericum calycinum 'St. Johns Wort' a/k/a Aaron's beard, creeping St. John's wort Zones: 5/6 to 9/10; Full sun to part shade. Mature size can reach 12 to 24 inches height; semi-evergreen subshrub or shrublet. Leaves emerges chartreuse-bronzed, but...

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  • Dianthus g. 'Firewitch'

    Dianthus g. 'Firewitch' (3.5 inch pot)

    Dianthus 'Firewitch' CHEDDAR PINK Zones 3 to 8. Full sunMature size: 6 to 8 inches tall, spreads to 12 inches wide. Low-growing, compact ground cover. Magenta pink, serrated edged petals appear in mass above silvery-blue evergreen foliage. Heavy late...

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  • Dianthus g. 'Fire Star'

    Dianthus g. 'Fire Star' PP14895 (3.5 inch pot)

    Dianthus 'Fire Star' PP14895 Zones 5 to 9.FullSun to partial sun. Mature height is 8 inches. Space 8 to 12 inches apart.Vigorous growth rate, for a dianthus. Fire red flowers with a crimson eye have the spicy scent of cloves. These bright flowers shine...

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  • Dianthus g. 'Bath's Pink' (3.5 inch pot)

    Dianthus g. 'Bath's Pink' (3.5 inch pot)

    Dianthus gratianopolitans 'Bath's Pink' Common Name: Cheddar Pinks Zones: 3 to 9 Flower height reaches to 10 inches. Low-growing, spreading, dense mounds of grassy, blue-green, linear foliage and numerous, fringed, reblooming, fragrant, soft pink, 1 inch...

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  • Hemerocallis Stella de Oro

    Hemerocallis Stella de Oro (3.5 inch pot)

    Hemerocallis - STELLA DE ORO Daylily (Jablonski, 1975) Gold Self. Height is 11 inches with a 2.75 inch bloom. Early to Mid-Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Diploid, Fragrant. Stout Silver Medal 1985. Donn Fischer Memorial Award 1979, Award of Merit 1982. The...

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  • Ajuga r 'Catlin's Giant'

    Ajuga r 'Catlin's Giant' (3.5 inch pot)

    Ajuga reptans 'Catlins Giant' a/k/a Giant Carpet Bugle, Carpenter's Herb, Comfrey, Creeping Bugleweed, Catlin's Carpet Bugle, Sicklewort.Zone (3)4 to 9, Sun or shade.Mature foliage height 5 to 7 inch, maybe 10 inches. Larger than other Ajugas;fast...

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  • Ajuga r. 'Burgundy Glow'

    Ajuga r. 'Burgundy Glow' (3.5 inch pot)

    Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow' a/k/a Carpenters Herb, Comfrey, Creeping Bugleweed, Creeping Carpet Bugle, Sicklewort Zone 3 to 9, maybe 3 to 10 Sun or partial shade (morning sun only). Mature foliage height 3 to 4 inch; fast growing groundcover...

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  • Ajuga 'Chocolate Chip'

    Ajuga 'Chocolate Chip' (3.5 inch pot)

    Ajuga "Chocolale Chip" a/k/a Carpenters Herb, Comfrey, Creeping Bugleweed,Creeping Carpet Bugle, SicklewortZone 4 to 9, maybe 3 to 10,Sun to full shade, at least 3 to 4 hours of sun for best foliage color .Mature foliage height 3 to 4 inch; dwarf habit...

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  • Agastache 'Rosie Posie' PPAF

    Agastache 'Rosie Posie' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Agastache 'Rosie Posie' PPAF (30)ct Flat Hot pink flowers with magenta purple calyxesBlooms midsummer through early fall in northern zones (earlier in southern zones)Forms a densely compact, ball-shaped clumpHeight: 18-22 inchesZones 6-9 Thirty (30)...

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  • Nepeta faassenii WALKER'S LOW

    Nepeta faassenii 'Walker's Low' (3.5 inch pot)

    WALKER'S LOW Nepeta faassenii a/k/a Catmint and Catnip Zones 3 to 8. Full Sun or part shade in the south.Up to 30 inches tall (if staked) and 3 feet wide. Arching upright habit. The cultivar name is somewhat misleading, the plant is named for its garden...

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  • Nepeta faassenii 'Walker's Low'

    Nepeta faassenii 'Walker's Low' (25) BR Plants

    Nepeta faassenii 'Walker's Low' a/k/a Catmint and CatnipZones 3 to 8. Full Sun or part shade in the south.Up to 30 inches tall (if staked) and 3 feet wide. Arching upright habit. The cultivar name is somewhat misleading, the plant is named for its garden...

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  • Lychnis arkwrightii 'Orange Gnome'
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Lychnis a. 'Orange Gnome' (30)ct Flat

    Lychnis a. 'Orange Gnome' (30)ct Flat Common Name: Maltese Cross, Campion or CatchflyBrilliant, orange-scarlet flowers measuring 1½' across are produced in abundance beginning in early summer and lasting nearly 8 weeks. The foliage is nearly as...

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  • Daylily SOUTH SEAS

    Hemerocallis SOUTH SEAS (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - SOUTH SEAS (Moldovan, 1993) Tangerine coral with red coral band above yellow green throat. Height is 30 inches with 5.5 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Tetraploid, Fragrant. Coral-tangerine tepals with a reddish-coral band and...

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  • Delphinium NEW MILLENNIUM 'Stars' photo courtesy of Dowdeswell's Delphiniums Ltd

    Delphinium NEW MILLENNIUM 'Stars' (30)ct Flat

    Delphinium NEW MILLENNIUM 'Stars' (30)ct Flat Common Name: Hybrid Bee Delphinium'New Millennium Stars' is a mix of the NEW MILLENNIUM™ Hybrid Delphiniums. The flowers range in color from white to pink, purple, and blue and will range in height from...

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  • Asclepias tuberosa

    Asclepias tuberosa (30)ct Flat

    Asclepias tuberosa Common Name: Butterfly Weed, pleurisy root. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun. Plants reach 24 inches tall and 24 inches wide. Herbaceous perennial. This hassle-free perennial will provide three months of tangerine orange blooms (occasionally...

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  • Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow'

    Asclepias t. 'Hello Yellow' (30)ct Flat

    Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow' (30)ct Flat Common Name: Butterfly Weed, pleurisy root. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun. Plants reach 24 inches tall and 24 inches wide. Herbaceous perennial. Offers three months of golden yellow blooms from early through late...

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    Hemerocallis HAPPY RETURNS (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - HAPPY RETURNS Daylily (Apps 1986) (25) bare root clumps An extremely popular and widely used reblooming daylily 3', fragrant, canary yellow complete self Tepal edges are slightly crimped Of 'Stella de Oro' parentage, though flowers...

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