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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Razzberry' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite...

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  • Monarda 'Pardon My Rose'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Pardon My SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmNo room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden? Here is a compact selection that's easy to tuck into the front of your sunny border...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Amethyst' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Pink' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact clump...

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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Purple'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Purple' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Purple' PPAF (20)ct Flat Electric Neon SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmA new color for the Electric Neon series! 3", bright fuchsia purple flowers are produced over a medium-sized habit of deep green leaves. Excellent resistance to...

    $160.44
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Romance'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants - Proven Winners® Common Name: Hybrid PhloxIt keeps getting better and better for Opening Act Phlox. This new variety is the pinnacle of refinement, with a low-wide habit that's nearly dome-like, a...

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  • Phlox 'Backlight'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxJoining the other members of the LUMINARY™ Collection, 'Backlight' brings a highly sought-after flower color. Pure white flowers are...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox 'Ultraviolet'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVery dark, magenta violet flower panicles are held above a full, bushy habit of bright green foliage. An improvement on the...

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  • Phlox p. 'Opalescence'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY?? Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThe flagship variety of the LUMINARY™ Collection and the gold standard of powdery mildew resistance. In an extensive...

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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThis Phlox isn't just pink, it's ULTRApink! With this addition to the Opening Act Phlox Collection, it is officially the brightest, most...

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  • Phlox 'Magenta Pearl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxA counterpart to 'Amethyst Pearl', this variety has similar disease-resistant foliage, and early bloomtime and rebloom power, but with deeper magenta pink flowers. This variety is...

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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll White'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. White flowers form a mass of blooms on top of the dark green foliage...

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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. Bright pink flowers with a white halo form a mass of blooms on top of...

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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Coral' PPAF (20)ct Flat Huge 3' light coral pink flowers are produced above very dark green foliage. Excellent resistance to common foliar diseases such as powdery mildew. Height: 20.0-22.0 InchesSpread:18.0-20.0 InchesHardiness...

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  • Monarda 'Berry Taffy'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Berry Taffy' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Berry Taffy' PPAF - SUGAR BUZZ® Series (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmThe members of the SUGAR BUZZ® Series from the Walters Gardens, Inc. hybridizing program are perfectly suited to the middle of the flower border at 16-24' tall. All...

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  • Phlox paniculata 'Uptown Girl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Uptown Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Uptown Girl' PPAF - GARDEN GIRLS Collection (25) bare root clumps Height: 32.0-36.0 InchesSpread: 28.0-32.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Pink shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun Average Water NeedsAverage to Fertile...

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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxThis new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlier. It boasts a long season of color in addition to being early blooming. Near white flowers with a dark pink, central star...

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  • Phlox paniculata 'Cover Girl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Cover Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Cover Girl' PPAF - GARDEN GIRLS Collection (25) bare root clumps Height: 38.0-42.0 InchesSpread: 24.0-28.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Purple shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun (> 6 hrs. Direct...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PPAF (20)ct Flat Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmA Monarda bradburiana hybrid, she leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite clump than common M. didyma cultivars. She typically...

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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmIt's electric! That's what you might think when you look at the fabulous color of this new interspecific hybrid of Bee Balm. Intense, dark neon pink flowers are produced above an upright...

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  • Phlox 'Opening Act White' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Phlox 'Opening Act White' PP27461 (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act White' PPAF (25) BR Plants Height: 18-20 Inches, Spread: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: White ShadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 8Full sun Blooms Early summer to Late summer This new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlier than midsummer, starting in...

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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Blush' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Blush' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Blush' PPAF (25) BR Plants Height: 18-20 Inches, Spread: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: Pink ShadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 8Full sun Blooms Early summer to Late summer This new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlie than midsummerr, starting in...

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  • Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 20 Inches,Spread: 20 InchesFlower Color: Purple shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer The members of the SUGAR BUZZ™ Series from the Walters Gardens,...

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  • Monarda didyma Pardon My Cerise PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 14-18 Inches, Spread: 10-12 InchesFlower Color: Red shadesHardiness Zone: 4 to 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer No room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden?...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 10-14 Inches, Spread: 22-28 InchesFlower Color: Pink shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Early summer and Midsummer Bee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but ‘Leading Lady...

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  • Phlox paniculata 'Glamour Girl' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Phlox paniculata 'Glamour Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Glamour Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants Resists powdery mildew even in the hot, humid summers of Michigan Hot coral pink, fragrant flowers on dark purple stems in mid through late summer Maintains its bright green, healthy looking foliage...

    $170.60
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  • Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF - SUGAR BUZZ TM Series Bee Balm Height: 19 Inches, Spread: 16 InchesFlower Color: Pink - Purple Shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun - Part shade Blooms Midsummer - Late summer In midsummer,...

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  • Phlox paniculata 'Red Riding Hood'

    Phlox paniculata 'Red Riding Hood' (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Red Riding Hood'Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVivid clusters of fragrant, cherry-red flowers sit atop strong-stemmed plants from mid thru late summer. 'Red Riding Hood' is a compact variety which attracts butterflies and hummingbirds...

    $165.00
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  • Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple'
The Pardon My Monarda series is a neat and compact bee balm that is not invasive and does not need staking.  Prefers full to part sun settings, blooms mid-late summer, grows to 10'-18' and is hardy from zone 4-9.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Fuchsia purple flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks earlier...

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  • Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink'

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Cheerful true pink flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks later...

    $172.28
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