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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Razzberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Razzberry' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite...

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  • Monarda 'Pardon My Rose'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Rose' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Pardon My SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmNo room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden? Here is a compact selection that's easy to tuck into the front of your sunny border...

    $172.28
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Amethyst' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Amethyst' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat - Proven Winners® Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmBee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but 'Leading Lady Pink' leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more compact clump...

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  • Campanula glomerata 'Angel Bells'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Campanula g. 'Angel Bells' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Campanula g. 'Angel Bells' PPAF (30)ct Flat Common Name: Clustered BellflowerLooking for a no-fuss perennial? Try 'Church Bells', a new clustered bellflower that's especially refined in terms of performance and flower quality. Well-formed clusters of...

    $191.32
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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' 
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Orchid' PPAF (20)ct Flat Leading Lady SeriesCommon Name: Bee BalmA Monarda bradburiana hybrid, she leads the way in early summer, flowering earlier and forming a more petite clump than common M. didyma cultivars. She typically...

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  • Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Electric Neon Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat Common Name: Bee BalmIt's electric! That's what you might think when you look at the fabulous color of this new interspecific hybrid of Bee Balm. Intense, dark neon pink flowers are produced above an upright...

    $160.44
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  • Campanula c. 'Violet Teacups'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Campanula c. 'Violet Teacups' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Campanula c. 'Violet Teacups' PPAF (30)ct Flat Teacup Collection Common Name: Carpathian Bellflower, Carpathian HarebellCarpathian Bellflowers are popular for a reason-they nicely fill the front of the border without spreading, and their bold colors...

    $165.40
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  • Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Campanula c. 'Delft Teacups' PPAF (30)ct Flat

    Campanula c. 'Delft Teacups' PPAF (30)ct Flat Height: 6.0-8.0 InchesSpread: 10.0-12.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Blue shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesSunlight: Full Sun to Part Shade Average Water NeedsAverage to Fertile Soil...

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  • Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Rockin' Raspberry' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 20 Inches,Spread: 20 InchesFlower Color: Purple shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer The members of the SUGAR BUZZ™ Series from the Walters Gardens,...

    $160.44
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  • Monarda didyma Pardon My Cerise PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Pardon My Cerise' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 14-18 Inches, Spread: 10-12 InchesFlower Color: Red shadesHardiness Zone: 4 to 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Midsummer to Late summer No room for the tall, bushy, traditional Bee Balm in your garden?...

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  • Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Leading Lady Plum' PPAF (20)ct Flat Height: 10-14 Inches, Spread: 22-28 InchesFlower Color: Pink shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun to Part shade Blooms Early summer and Midsummer Bee Balm typically bloom in midsummer, but ‘Leading Lady...

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  • Campanula carpatica 'Rapido White'
Photo courtesy of Ball Horticultural Company
This easy care perennial is a great choice for
edging, containers, or the front of the border.

appear atop the clump of dark green foliage.

EXPOSURE: Full Sun to Part Shade
BLOOMS: Late Spring to Late Summer
HEIGHT: 5-7 in
SPACE: 5-8 in
ZONE: 3-9

    Campanula c. 'Rapido White' (30)ct Flat

    Campanula c. 'Rapido White' (30)ct Flat Bellflower-Carpathian Height: 5-7 Inches, Spread: 5-8 InchesFlower Color: White Shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesFull sun to Part shade Blooms Late spring - Late summer One of the earliest blooming Campanula...

    $139.96
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  • Campanula carpatica 'Rapido Blue'
Photo courtesy of Ball Horticultural Company

    Campanula c. 'Rapido Blue' (30)ct Flat

    Campanula c. 'Rapido Blue' (30)ct Flat Bellflower-Carpathian Height: 5-7 Inches, Spread: 5-8 InchesFlower Color: Blue Shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesFull sun to Part shade Blooms Late spring - Late summer One of the earliest blooming Campanula...

    $139.96
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  • Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda 'Lilac Lollipop' PPAF - SUGAR BUZZ TM Series Bee Balm Height: 19 Inches, Spread: 16 InchesFlower Color: Pink - Purple Shades, Foliage Color: Green shadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 9Full sun - Part shade Blooms Midsummer - Late summer In midsummer,...

    $160.44
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  • Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple'
The Pardon My Monarda series is a neat and compact bee balm that is not invasive and does not need staking.  Prefers full to part sun settings, blooms mid-late summer, grows to 10'-18' and is hardy from zone 4-9.

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Purple' PP22170 (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Fuchsia purple flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks earlier...

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  • Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink'

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat

    Monarda d. 'Pardon My Pink' PPAF (20)ct Flat This petite selection grows vigorously to form a bushy, compact clump of attractive, aromatic, deep green, glossy foliage Cheerful true pink flowers sit just atop the foliage; blooms about two weeks later...

    $172.28
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  • Campanula 'Dickson's Gold'

    Campanula 'Dickson's Gold' (30)ct Flat

    Campanula 'Dickson's Gold' Common Name: Bellflower, Harebell. Zones 3 to 8. Full Sun to Part Shade. Plants reach 4 to 6 inches tall and 8 to 10 inches wide; Low-growing clumps of basal foliage spread to form an attractive ground cover. Growth rate:...

    $158.20
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