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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Phlox 'Opening Act Romance'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Romance' PPAF (25) BR Plants - Proven Winners® Common Name: Hybrid PhloxIt keeps getting better and better for Opening Act Phlox. This new variety is the pinnacle of refinement, with a low-wide habit that's nearly dome-like, a...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox 'Backlight'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Backlight' PPAF (25) BR Plants Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxJoining the other members of the LUMINARY™ Collection, 'Backlight' brings a highly sought-after flower color. Pure white flowers are...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox 'Ultraviolet'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Ultraviolet' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVery dark, magenta violet flower panicles are held above a full, bushy habit of bright green foliage. An improvement on the...

    $187.80
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  • Phlox p. 'Opalescence'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Opalescence' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® LUMINARY?? Collection (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThe flagship variety of the LUMINARY™ Collection and the gold standard of powdery mildew resistance. In an extensive...

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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Ultrapink' PPAF CPBRAF - Proven Winners® (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxThis Phlox isn't just pink, it's ULTRApink! With this addition to the Opening Act Phlox Collection, it is officially the brightest, most...

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  • Phlox 'Magenta Pearl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Magenta Pearl' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxA counterpart to 'Amethyst Pearl', this variety has similar disease-resistant foliage, and early bloomtime and rebloom power, but with deeper magenta pink flowers. This variety is...

    $174.60
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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll White'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll White' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. White flowers form a mass of blooms on top of the dark green foliage...

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  • Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Baby Doll Pink' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxAt just a foot tall, this perennial is easy to tuck into small spaces in the garden or for use in containers. Bright pink flowers with a white halo form a mass of blooms on top of...

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  • Phlox paniculata 'Uptown Girl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Uptown Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox p. 'Uptown Girl' PPAF - GARDEN GIRLS Collection (25) bare root clumps Height: 32.0-36.0 InchesSpread: 28.0-32.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Pink shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun Average Water NeedsAverage to Fertile...

    $170.60
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Pink-a-Dot' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Hybrid PhloxThis new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlier. It boasts a long season of color in addition to being early blooming. Near white flowers with a dark pink, central star...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox paniculata 'Cover Girl'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Phlox p. 'Cover Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Cover Girl' PPAF - GARDEN GIRLS Collection (25) bare root clumps Height: 38.0-42.0 InchesSpread: 24.0-28.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3,4,5,6,7,8Flower Color: Purple shadesFoliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun (> 6 hrs. Direct...

    $170.60
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  • Iris s. 'Sunfisher'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Sunfisher' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Sunfisher' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisLight yellow standards and deeper yellow falls form a beautiful display in early to midseason. Based on our observations, this is one of the earliest of the Siberian Iris to bloom...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Sky Mirror'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Sky Mirror' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Sky Mirror' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisWith a similar flower shape to 'Ruffled Velvet', this Iris will give you the rare light blue shade that you've been needing for your early summer garden. Pale sky blue falls have navy...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Cape Cod Boys'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Cape Cod Boys' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Cape Cod Boys' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisJust like the famous shore community of Cape Cod, this Siberian Iris will make you think of beaches and the ocean. Periwinkle blue flowers have darker blue veining that intensifies...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Blueberry Fair'

    Iris s. 'Blueberry Fair' (25) BR Plants

    Iris 'Blueberry Fair'  Common Name: Siberian Iris 4 inches wide, indigo purple falls and standards have white near the centers with indigo purple veining. The full-looking flowers sit atop extremely thick stems. American Iris Society Morgan-Wood...

    $165.00
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  • Iris 'Over in Gloryland'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Over in Gloryland' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Over in Gloryland' (25) BR Plants Height: 34.0 Inches; Spread: 18.0-24.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3 - 9Flower Color: Blue shades; Foliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun - Part ShadeAverage to Consistent Water Average Soil QualityAttracts...

    $165.00
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act White' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Phlox 'Opening Act White' PP27461 (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act White' PPAF (25) BR Plants Height: 18-20 Inches, Spread: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: White ShadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 8Full sun Blooms Early summer to Late summer This new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlier than midsummer, starting in...

    $186.60
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  • Phlox 'Opening Act Blush' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Blush' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox 'Opening Act Blush' PPAF (25) BR Plants Height: 18-20 Inches, Spread: 18-20 InchesFlower Color: Pink ShadesHardiness Zone: 4 - 8Full sun Blooms Early summer to Late summer This new hybrid Phlox will bloom even earlie than midsummerr, starting in...

    $186.60
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  • Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brothers'

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brothers' bare root

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brother' Common Name: Siberian iris Zone 3 to 8, perhaps 9. Full sun to partial shade. Deep purple flowers in late spring rise to height of 36 to 40 inches on rigid stems. Hardy clumps of arching, slender, grass-like, slightly...

    $3.62
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  • Phlox paniculata 'Glamour Girl' PPAF
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens

    Phlox paniculata 'Glamour Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Glamour Girl' PPAF (25) BR Plants Resists powdery mildew even in the hot, humid summers of Michigan Hot coral pink, fragrant flowers on dark purple stems in mid through late summer Maintains its bright green, healthy looking foliage...

    $170.60
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  • Phlox paniculata 'Red Riding Hood'

    Phlox paniculata 'Red Riding Hood' (25) BR Plants

    Phlox paniculata 'Red Riding Hood'Common Name: Tall Garden PhloxVivid clusters of fragrant, cherry-red flowers sit atop strong-stemmed plants from mid thru late summer. 'Red Riding Hood' is a compact variety which attracts butterflies and hummingbirds...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Ruffled Velvet'

    Iris sibirica 'Ruffled Velvet' (25) BR Plants

    Iris sibirica 'Ruffled Velvet' Common name: Siberian Iris. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun to part shade. Plants reach 24 to 30 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide; Herbaceous perennial clumps will grow together to inhibit weeds. Growth rate: Moderate...

    $158.60
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  • Iris sibirica 'Caesar's Brother'

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brother' (25) BR Plants

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brother' Common Name: Siberian Iris Zone 3 to 8, perhaps 9. Full sun to partial shade. Deep purple flowers in late spring rise to height of 36 to 40 inches on rigid stems. Hardy clumps of arching, slender, grass-like, slightly...

    $153.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Butter and Sugar'

    Iris sibirica 'Butter and Sugar' (25) BR Plants

    Iris sibirica 'Butter and Sugar' Common name: Siberian Iris. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun to part shade. Plants reach 28 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide; Herbaceous perennial clumps will grow together to inhibit weeds. Growth rate: Moderate. Creamy...

    $158.60
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  • Iris 'Black Gamecock'

    Iris 'Black Gamecock' (25) BR Plants

    Iris 'Black Gamecock' Common name: Louisiana Iris. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun to part shade. Plants reach 24 to 36 inches tall and 24 inches wide;Growth rate: Rapid. This native cultivar has huge 4 to 6 inch blossoms that open flat to display velvety deep...

    $161.00
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