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Hummingbird Gardens

hummingbird.jpgFound only in the Americas, the hummingbird family includes 383 species, but only 16 live in North America. Hummingbirds like bright-colored flowers with lots of nectar, often they are red. Hummingbirds must feed 3 to 5 times per hour and may become reliant on your garden for food, but there may be periods when there are no blossoms from which they can get nectar. Even with a garden of plants, it is a good idea to provide hummingbird feeders.

Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part white sugar to 4 parts water. Do not use food coloring of any kind, and never use molasses, honey, sugar substitutes, powdered, brown sugar or nutrient mixtures (these can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds). Wash the feeder each time you refill it. Scrub feeders occasionally with a brush, after a soaking in a mild bleach-water mixture (1 part bleach to 9 parts water), which kills any bacteria in the feeder.

Hummingbirds are very territorial and will defend flowers and feeders from other hummers. If possible, space food sources out of sight from one another, or as far apart as possible, up to 30 feet.

While hummingbirds need nectar, insects, such as aphids, represent the majority of their diet. According to recent research, hummingbirds may have very small brains but excellent memory when it involves food. Scientists in Britain and Canada, have studied the Rufous hummingbird that lives in the Canadian Rockies. The Rufous hummingbird can remember the location of specific flowers and the last time they visited them.

In the birds'€™ feeding grounds, scientists kept track of how frequently the hummingbirds visited eight artificial flowers filled with a sucrose solution. Once the flowers were empty the scientists refilled half after 10 minutes and other half after 20 minutes.

Scientists discovered that the birds returned to the flowers according to the refill schedule. The flowers refilled every ten minutes were visited by the hummingbirds sooner than those refilled every 20 minutes. They believe that the hummingbird'€™s brain has become extremely developed because they travel long distances and do no€™t have time and energy to waste looking for food.

Hummingbirds may visit these blooming plants:

  • Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Daylily (Jablonski, 1975)  Single Fan bare root plant The world's most popular daylily! 2.75", bright gold complete self with mild pie crust edging and a subtle fragrance Begins blooming in early summer...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily PURPLE de ORO

    Hemerocallis 'Purple de Oro' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Purple de Oro' (DeGroot, 2000) Single Fan bare root plant a/k/a RAZZMATAZZ Medium dark purple with lighter midrib and edge above gold throat. Height is 20 inches with 3 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Dipliod. Petals have...

    $2.90
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  • Daylily  HYPERION

    Hemerocallis 'Hyperion' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Hyperion' Daylily Single Fan bare root plant A nostalgic daylily that has been in cultivation for nearly 90 years 5", canary yellow self with a tiny, green throat Trumpet flower form; when viewed from the side it has the shape of a...

    $3.86
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  • Iris s. 'Sunfisher'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Sunfisher' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Sunfisher' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisLight yellow standards and deeper yellow falls form a beautiful display in early to midseason. Based on our observations, this is one of the earliest of the Siberian Iris to bloom...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Sky Mirror'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Sky Mirror' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Sky Mirror' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisWith a similar flower shape to 'Ruffled Velvet', this Iris will give you the rare light blue shade that you've been needing for your early summer garden. Pale sky blue falls have navy...

    $165.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Cape Cod Boys'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Cape Cod Boys' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Cape Cod Boys' (25) bare root clumps Common Name: Siberian IrisJust like the famous shore community of Cape Cod, this Siberian Iris will make you think of beaches and the ocean. Periwinkle blue flowers have darker blue veining that intensifies...

    $165.00
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  • Hemerocallis 'Inkheart'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis 'Inkheart' PPAF (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Inkheart' PPAF (25) bare root clumps Common Name: DaylilyOne look at this beautiful daylily and you'll see why it got its name. Each creamy yellow flowers has a crisp, dark purple eye (or 'heart') with a matching picotee edge. As an added...

    $226.60
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  • Iris sibirica 'Blueberry Fair'

    Iris s. 'Blueberry Fair' (25) BR Plants

    Iris 'Blueberry Fair'  Common Name: Siberian Iris 4 inches wide, indigo purple falls and standards have white near the centers with indigo purple veining. The full-looking flowers sit atop extremely thick stems. American Iris Society Morgan-Wood...

    $165.00
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  • Iris 'Over in Gloryland'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Iris s. 'Over in Gloryland' (25) BR Plants

    Iris s. 'Over in Gloryland' (25) BR Plants Height: 34.0 Inches; Spread: 18.0-24.0 InchesHardiness Zones: 3 - 9Flower Color: Blue shades; Foliage Color: Green shadesFull Sun - Part ShadeAverage to Consistent Water Average Soil QualityAttracts...

    $165.00
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  • Hemerocallis 'Stella Supreme'
Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc

    Hemerocallis STELLA SUPREME (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis 'Stella Supreme' (25) BR Plants (Berbee) Height: 14 InchesFlower Color: Yellow ShadesHardiness Zone: 3 - 9 This daylily is similar in blooming behavior as the ever-popular ‘Stella de Oro’, but differs in terms of flower color...

    $166.60
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  • Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brothers'

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brothers' bare root

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brother' Common Name: Siberian iris Zone 3 to 8, perhaps 9. Full sun to partial shade. Deep purple flowers in late spring rise to height of 36 to 40 inches on rigid stems. Hardy clumps of arching, slender, grass-like, slightly...

    $3.62
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  • Hemerocallis Stella de Oro

    Hemerocallis Stella de Oro (3.5 inch pot)

    Hemerocallis - STELLA DE ORO Daylily (Jablonski, 1975) Gold Self. Height is 11 inches with a 2.75 inch bloom. Early to Mid-Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Diploid, Fragrant. Stout Silver Medal 1985. Donn Fischer Memorial Award 1979, Award of Merit 1982. The...

    $3.94
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  • Iris sibirica 'Ruffled Velvet'

    Iris sibirica 'Ruffled Velvet' (25) BR Plants

    Iris sibirica 'Ruffled Velvet' Common name: Siberian Iris. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun to part shade. Plants reach 24 to 30 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide; Herbaceous perennial clumps will grow together to inhibit weeds. Growth rate: Moderate...

    $158.60
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  • Iris sibirica 'Caesar's Brother'

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brother' (25) BR Plants

    Iris siberica 'Caesar's Brother' Common Name: Siberian Iris Zone 3 to 8, perhaps 9. Full sun to partial shade. Deep purple flowers in late spring rise to height of 36 to 40 inches on rigid stems. Hardy clumps of arching, slender, grass-like, slightly...

    $153.00
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  • Iris sibirica 'Butter and Sugar'

    Iris sibirica 'Butter and Sugar' (25) BR Plants

    Iris sibirica 'Butter and Sugar' Common name: Siberian Iris. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun to part shade. Plants reach 28 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide; Herbaceous perennial clumps will grow together to inhibit weeds. Growth rate: Moderate. Creamy...

    $158.60
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  • Iris 'Black Gamecock'

    Iris 'Black Gamecock' (25) BR Plants

    Iris 'Black Gamecock' Common name: Louisiana Iris. Zones 3 to 9. Full sun to part shade. Plants reach 24 to 36 inches tall and 24 inches wide;Growth rate: Rapid. This native cultivar has huge 4 to 6 inch blossoms that open flat to display velvety deep...

    $161.00
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  • Daylily SOUTH SEAS

    Hemerocallis SOUTH SEAS (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - SOUTH SEAS (Moldovan, 1993) Tangerine coral with red coral band above yellow green throat. Height is 30 inches with 5.5 inch bloom.Mid Season Rebloomer, Dormant, Tetraploid, Fragrant. Coral-tangerine tepals with a reddish-coral band and...

    $254.60
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  • Daylily RASPBERRY SUEDE

    Hemerocallis RASPBERRY SUEDE (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - RASPBERRY SUEDE Daylily (Blaney, 1998) Black raspberry self with small green throat . Height is 28 inches with 5 inch bloom. Mid season bloom, Dormant, Tetraploid, Diurnal. Named for its unusually smooth, suede-like texture Unique shade...

    $198.60
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  • Daylily FOOLED ME

    Hemerocallis FOOLED ME (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - FOOLED ME Daylily (Hein 1990) Golden yellow with red edge and deep red eye. Height is 24 inches with a 5.5 inch bloom. Early to Mid-Season bloom, Dormant, Tetraploid, Extended bloom. Stout Silver Medal 2005. 5.5 inch, radiant golden...

    $206.60
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  • Daylily BRIGHT SUNSET

    Hemerocallis BRIGHT SUNSET (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - BRIGHT SUNSET Daylily (RUDOLPH, 1978)) Dusty burnt orange with deeper halo and green yellow throat. Height is 36 inches with 6 inch bloom. Early Season bloom, Dormant, Tetraploid, Very Fragrant. Fragrant flowers the color of a tropical...

    $198.60
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  • Daylily Blackthorne
Standout performer; one of the best!
Very light creamy yellow blossoms with a hint of peach 
Prominent wine purple eye and matching picotee edge
Reblooms shortly after first round of bloom
Breeder: Trimmer
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Zones 3-9

    Hemerocallis Blackthorne (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - Blackthorne Daylily (Trimmer, 1996) Cream with black purple eyezone and green throat. Height is 26 inches with 4 inch bloom.Early to Mid Season Rebloomer, Semi-Evergreen, Tetraploid, Diurnal. Very light creamy yellow blossoms with a hint...

    $210.60
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  • Hemerocallis 'Sammy Russell Red'

    Hemerocallis 'Sammy Russell Red' SF BR

    Hemerocallis - 'Sammy Russell Red' Daylily (RUSSELL, 1951) Single Fan bare root plant Red Self. Height 30 inches with a 4 inch bloom. Mid to Late Season bloom, Dormant, Diploid. Mature field grown plant shipped bare root. Click here for more...

    $3.50
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  • Hemerocallis 'Rocket City'
Photos courtesy of Walters Gardens, Inc.

    Hemerocallis ROCKET CITY (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - ROCKET CITY Daylily (HARDY, 1967) (25) bare root clumps 6', bittersweet orange tepals with a darker orange eye Throat and midribs are lighter orange-yellow Very easy to grow and propagate Petals have crimped edges, sepals are smooth,...

    $198.60
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  • Daylily PARDON ME

    Hemerocallis PARDON ME (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - PARDON ME Daylily (Apps 1982) (25) bare root clumps Miniature daylily; 2.75', fragrant, cranberry red tepals with a narrow yellow watermark and bright green throat Petals have pie crust ruffled edges, sepals are smooth, both are slightly...

    $202.60
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  • Daylily  HYPERION

    Hemerocallis HYPERION (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - HYPERION Daylily (25) BR Plants A nostalgic daylily that has been in cultivation for nearly 90 years 5', canary yellow self with a tiny, green throat Trumpet flower form; when viewed from the side it has the shape of a lily ...

    $202.60
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  • Daylily HAPPY RETURNS

    Hemerocallis HAPPY RETURNS (25) BR Plants

    Hemerocallis - HAPPY RETURNS Daylily (Apps 1986) (25) bare root clumps An extremely popular and widely used reblooming daylily 3', fragrant, canary yellow complete self Tepal edges are slightly crimped Of 'Stella de Oro' parentage, though flowers...

    $162.60
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